Young bark is relatively smooth gray, changing to ridged and furrowed with flat gray ridges and relatively narrow vertical fissures. In late spring to early summer, tulip-shaped, slightly fragrant, yellowish-green flowers, 2-4 in. Also covers those considered historical (not seen The trunk and ﬂ ow- ers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) The name cucumber tree originates from the fruit cones which are green when young and which, with some strech of the imagination, might be then linked to gherkin cucumbers. Note: when native and non-native acuminata L.; cordata (Michx.) Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, shrublands or thickets, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. The specific epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree's pointed leaf tips. Magnolia acuminata, commonly called the cucumber tree (often spelled as a single word " cucumbertree "), cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest. Magnolia acuminata - Buds. populations both exist in a county, only native status post This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree; thus, many cultivars have been bred. Magnolia acuminata - Fruit. The seeds of the Cucumbertree Magnolia are eaten by several species of birds and small mammals. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Salem, Oregon: Bush Prairie Park, in garden east of Bush House. Cucumbertree1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION One of the fastest-growing Magnolias, Cucumbertree is pyramidal when young but becomes broad, oval or rounded with age, ultimately reaching 60 to 80 feet in height with a spread of 35 to 60 feet (Fig. (Wetland indicator code: acuminata : a long point, the leaves. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or email@example.com. Grackles and blackbirds will eat the young fruit. (1983), but specimens are unknown. There are typically 10-60 fruits per compound fruit, although many fruits may fail to develop. Cultivars of M. acuminata x M. denudata include: ‘Butterflies,' ‘Elizabeth,' ‘Goldfinch' and ‘Sundance.'. For details, please check with your state. Tulipastrum acuminatum (L.) Small; The Go Botany project is supported Cucumber tree is more common in southern New England than in northern areas. Leaves are alternate, simple, and dark green. L.Â E. cucumber-tree. Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) – This is a very large native tree (50 to 70 feet tall, 40 to 60 feet wide). unintentionally); has become naturalized. M.Â virginiana L.Â var. Virginia botanist John Clayton introduced the cucumbertree into cultivation in 1736. 1.â¯ Found this plant? Magnolia acuminata L.Â var. The speciﬁ c epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree’s pointed leaf tips. It has historically been used as a substitute for quinine in the treatment of malaria. The wood is used for boxes, crates, furniture, doors and Venetian blinds. For other trees with the shared common name cucumber tree, see Cucumber tree. Similar plants: Small to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Send mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with questions about this site. about 1712, … The most exciting hybrids are from M. acuminata and M. denudata. These include M. liliiflora, M. sprengeri and M. x soulangiana. Magnolia acuminata, or Cucumber tree, is a handsome tree with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity. This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree; thus, many cultivars have been bred. in part by the National Science Foundation. Discover thousands of New England plants. Ser. The immature green fruit resembles a cucumber and leads to the common name. The unripe fruits look like cucumbers, hence the name. FACU). The trunk and flowers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. The specific epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree's pointed leaf tips. County documented: documented Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Twigs, leaves, and buds are sometimes browsed by deer. There is probably also a bitter glucosidal principle. ; During late summer or autumn, these fruits become mature and release their seeds. The stems are also more hairy than the species. Magnolia: after Pierre Magnol (1638-1715), professor of botany at Montpellier. Cucumber tree magnolias (Magnolia acuminata) are hardy varietals grown more for their foliage rather than their blooms. The immature green fruit resembles a cucumber and leads to the common name. On the east coast of North America it is a common forest tree. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Their range once included many parts of Europe, Canada, Siberia and Greenland. Magnolia acuminata - Bark. Magnolia acuminata Figure 1. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. var. Magnolias were among the first flowering plants to appear on earth. you. Magnolia acuminata - Habit. The immature green fruit resembles a cucumber and leads to the common name. To reuse an The leaves have nice yellow-gold fall color. The wood of the cucumbertree is similar to that of its cousin, the tulip poplar, and is frequently sold as such. Its 6-12 inch long (0.3 m) leaves are scattered along the branches, and its large, white flowers have a pleasant fragrance. The bark and seed cones are bitter and aromatic, used as tonics, and in similar ways to M. acuminata. cucumbertree Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. symbol: MAAC Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical or ovate, 6 to 10 inches long, pinnately veined, entire margin, acuminate tip, dark green above and paler, whitened below. Selected cultivars include: The hybrids of cucumbertree have proved more important commercially. Updated October 24, 2019 Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata) is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. Physical Characteristics Magnolia Acuminata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. the state. Thickets and forest edges near areas of human habitation. Non-native: introduced Magnolia acuminata - Bud. Each fruit consists of a follicle that splits open along one side to release 1 or 2 seeds. Very few disease and insect problems. (intentionally or Shortly thereafter, English naturalist John Bartram sent cucumbertree seeds to England, which started a new rage. The ripe fruit is a striking reddish orange color. subcordata. All Characteristics, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends). 1). However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. ... (5-7.5 cm long), borne solitary, not very showy. These numerous crosses have produced winter hardy, large, yellow-flowered magnolias. a sighting. CT, MA; also reported from Copyright: various copyright holders. They have been selected for shape and yellow flower color. Can you please help us? '. It is in flower from May to July. Flower: Species is monoecious; 2 1/2 to 3 inches long, high in the tree, green to greenish-yellow, appearing in late spring or early summer. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or email@example.com. This is a deciduous magnolia that produces 2-4 inch slightly-fragrant, greenish-yellow, tulip-like flowers at the twig tips in late spring, but is named for the green, warty, cucumber-shaped fruits that follow the flowers. The trunk and flowers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. state. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859 (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. long (5-10 cm), open with the emerging leaves on mature trees (at least 12 years old). subcordata - Called "Yellow Cucumbertree", this smaller variant of M. acuminata features more glossy leaves with pubescence on the undersides. The name Magnolia is in honor of 18th century French botanist Pierre Magnol who established the renowned Montpellier Botanical Garden. Botanist Francois Michaux subsequently came to North America to collect enough seed to satisfy the growing European demand for this hardy new magnolia species. Also covers The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Botanical History. The leaves yield a green, volatile oil with a more pleasant odour than fennel or anise. 2020 These are crosses that involve the smaller, shrubby form of M. acuminata var. Scale insects can attack occasionally. The hardiest of all magnolias, Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) is a magnificent, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and a pyramidal crown. M. tripetala, Umbrella Tree or Umbrella Magnolia. It remains to be seen how important these become in the trade. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. This genus is now limited to eastern Asia, eastern North America and the Himalayas. The fruit is similar to that of Magnolia acuminata, but larger. Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) The Cucumber Magnolia, also known as Cucumber Tree Magnolia, is found as scattered specimens within Appalachian forests from western Pennsylvania to New York. to exist in the county by â¢ Exact status definitions can vary from state to Show Leaves may scorch during summer in dry sites. T.Â cordatum (Michx.) When Magnolia acuminata has been observed flowering at Longwood Gardens : AVE. 2018: 2017: 2016: 2015: 2014: 2013: 2012: 2011: 2009 ^Top of Page. in 20 years). Magnolia acuminata Family: Magnoliaceae Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia Origin: North America. All images and text Â© Site design : Academic Web Pages, 'Urbana,' 'Large Yellow' and 'Miss Honeybee. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). The stems are also more hairy than the species. They are very attractive and appear to bloom more reliably than saucer magnolia (M. x soulangiana) in areas with early springs and late frosts. description: The Gurkenmagnolie is one of the largest and most robust magnolia species. More About Magnolia acuminata Pyramidal when young, matures with a straight trunk and a rounded crown Greenish-yellow flowers bloom high in the tree Cylindrical bunches of seeds, (cucumbers) are green in late summer, ripening red, drying brown Cucumbertree – Magnolia acuminata Growing to 30 meters, cucumbertree is the most widespread of the eight species native to the U.S. and the only magnolia native to Canada. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Magnolia acuminata Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Portland, OR, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Arnold Arboretum - … Middle-aged Cucumbertree. Your help is appreciated. Latin name: Magnolia acuminata Family: Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family) Medicinal use of Cucumber Tree: A tea made from the bark is antiperiodic, aromatic, mildly diaphoretic, laxative, stimulant, tonic. These trees are stately as adults, especially when the lower limbs have been pruned to prevent them from dragging. —This tree was discovered by Mark Catesby [ Note § page 30.] Magnolia acuminata - Fruit. is shown on the map. Buds have silky, pale green hairs. Early Americans flavored whiskey with the bitter, immature fruit, which was used medicinally for fevers. Its 6-12 inch long (0.3 m) leaves are scattered along the branches, and its large, white flowers have a pleasant fragrance. There are also a few small populations southeastern United States and in Canada. It has small, inconspicuous flowers, light green leaves (6 to 10 inches long) and unusual cucumber-shaped fruit, which turns from a bright green to red in autumn. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust We depend on The name Cucumber Tree refers to the unripe fruit, which is green and often shaped like a small cucumber. This site was last updated on December 4, 2020. Cultivars of cucumbertree have been selected for some time, but have failed to become important in the nursery industry. (L.) FRUIT: Pink (Pinkish-red) SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS: Pa Native Plant: Find Other Plants Like This: Magnolia> Other Magnolia: Find More: Location Map for Magnolia acuminata. It is a deciduous magnolia and medium in size with a height range between 50 and 80 feet and mature diameters between 2 to 3 feet. Hybrids have also been made from M. acuminata and other magnolia species. Magnolia acuminata Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Magnolia, Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. This is because the three-inch long flowers are yellow-green in hue and tend to blend in with the trees foliage. State documented: documented The bark is patched with lichen, and the fruits resemble those of the cucumbertree, although most are still white with immaturity. An Equal Opportunity University. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. All rights reserved. Take a photo and Introduction One of the fastest-growing Magnolias, Cucumbertree is pyramidal when young but becomes broad, oval or rounded with age, ultimately reaching 60 to 80 feet in height with a spread of 35 to 60 feet. Magnolia acuminata - Flowers. ME by Richards et al. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or firstname.lastname@example.org, Cucumbertree Magnolia - Magnolia acuminataMagnolia Family (Magnoliaceae).
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