the major compounds contained in essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus, and Cymbopogon nardus were geranial (33.01%) and elemol (44.14%), respectively. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), a tall perennial grass comprising of about 55 species, grows in tropical and subtropical habitats . The demand for lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is for its high citral content. Cymbopogon is derived from Greek word “kymbe – pogon” which means boat-beard. Cymbopogon citratus grows best under sunny, warm and humid conditions at elevations below 750 m, with mean annual temperatures ranging from 23°C to 30°C and mean annual rainfall between 2500-3000 mm. PDF | Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus), is a member of poaceae family. Early or delayed harvesting of lemongrass affected essential oil and citral content. The result of antibacterial activity indicated that Cymbopogon citratus possessed a good and wide spectrum of antibacterial activity against all the tested bacteria; whereas Cymbopogon citratus -- Lemongrass Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management This and many other grasses look nice grouped together in a mass planting. staph: chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, use in medicinal and cosmetic purpose The key active constituents of lemongrass oil (LGO) giving its distinct aroma are citral (65-86%), neral and geraniol . Environmental requirements. Cymbopogon citratus has a life-span of 4-6 years . Cymbopogon citratus a fast growing, perennial aromatic grass is … The grass can spread fairly rapidly and can become somewhat invasive in subtropical climates. Space them several feet apart to form a solid mass within one year after planting. The objective of the study was to determine the effects of three maturity stages at harvest of lemongrass on essential oil, chemical ... essential oil Cymbopogon ) citratus ((pdf shoots of C. citratus was completely different to that of the root essential oil, with the former consisting of 12 components with citral (88%) as the major constituent . 2. profile of C. citratus, the present review summarizes and updates the findings. Cymbopogon citratus is an aromatic plant of Gramineae family well-known as lemon grass. cymbopogon citratus (dc.) PDF | Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf (Lemon grass) is a widely used herb in tropical countries, especially in Southeast Asia. Cymbopogon citratus belonging to the family Gramineae is an herb worldwide known as lemongrass. Phytochemistry of C. citratus Most of the biological effects ascribed to C. citratus extracts have been attributed to its primary bioactive constituents, derived from its leaves, stem, and roots, and their secondary metabolites. The prefix ‘lemon’ owes to its typical lemon like odor, which is mainly due to the presence of citral, a cyclic monoterpene. for human kind, one of them was the lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus). It was identified that lemongrass oil bears antidepressant, antioxidant, Cymbopogon giganteus essential oil has shown a very distinct composition, which is mainly characterised by the presence of cis- and trans-p-1(7),8-menthadien-2-ol This study use a post-test only control group, using 6 lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) extract with various concentration: 0 ppm, 156 ppm, 312.5 ppm, 625 ppm, 1250 ppm, 2500 ppm, which each concentration given 25 larvae with repetation four times . The lemon-like scent could be ascribed to the existence of a cyclic monoterpene (citral).
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