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do nuthatches migrate

( Log Out /  13 cm (5.1 in) long, colours vary between the subspecies. 14 cm (5.5 in) long, black eye stripe, blue-grey upper parts, reddish and/or white underparts depending on subspecies. The nuthatch family, Sittidae, was described by René-Primevère Lesson in 1828. The website includes daily bird migration forecast maps and is definitely worth checking out. Juveniles and first-year birds can be almost indistinguishable from adults. [6][59][69], Insects and other invertebrates are a major portion of the nuthatch diet, especially during the breeding season, when they rely almost exclusively on live prey,[63] but most species also eat seeds during the winter, when invertebrates are less readily available. white throat and underparts shading to buff on the belly. It has a characteristically large head and short tail, and is larger than a robin, but smaller than a blackbird. Communal roosting in tight huddles can help conserve heat and several nuthatch species employ it—up to 170 pygmy nuthatches have been seen in a single roost. [77] The threat to yellow-billed is particularly acute on Hainan, where more than 70% of the woodland has been lost in the past 50 years due to shifting cultivation and the use of wood for fuel during Chinese government re-settlement programmes. Other North American nuthatches can be found in specialized habitats—brown-headed nuthatches live in the Deep South and pygmy nuthatches in western forests. Do rose breasted nuthatches migrate? The resemblances arose via convergent evolution to fill an ecological niche. [68] Rock nuthatches forage with a similar technique to the woodland species, but seek food on rock faces and sometimes buildings. Some nuthatches, such as the Eurasian nuthatch and the North American species, have extensive ranges and large populations, and few conservation problems,[72] although locally they may be affected by woodland fragmentation. Migration. You can also find them at woodland edges and in open areas with large trees, such as parks, wooded suburbs, and yards.Back to top White-breasted Nuthatches typically build their nests in natural tree cavities or abandoned woodpecker holes. Thus many birds from mountainous nesting areas move into the lowlands for winter, migrating as far south and east as the Snake River, and even out of Washington. 12.5–13.5 cm (4.9–5.3 in) long, white underparts, bluish upper parts, yellow beak. The law reduced bureaucracy and made it easier for developers to build tourism facilities and summer houses in the coastal zone where woodland loss is a growing problem for the nuthatch. [62], All nuthatches appear to store food, especially seeds, in tree crevices, in the ground, under small stones, or behind bark flakes, and these caches are remembered for as long as 30 days. Migration Usually a permanent resident. [6], Przevalski's nuthatch (Sitta przewalskii), White-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis), Velvet-fronted nuthatch (Sitta frontalis), Sulphur-billed nuthatch (Sitta oenochlamys), White-tailed nuthatch (Sitta himalayensis), Chestnut-vented nuthatch (Sitta nagaensis), Chestnut-bellied nuthatch (Sitta cinnamoventris), The nuthatches' closest relatives, other than the wallcreeper, are the treecreepers, and the two (or three) families are sometimes placed in a larger grouping with the wrens and gnatcatchers. The most common backyard nuthatches are white-breasted nuthatches and red-breasted nuthatches. The only significant migrant is the red-breasted nuthatch, which winters widely across North America, deserting the northernmost parts of its breeding range in Canada; it has been recorded as a vagrant in Bermuda, Iceland and England. If the habitat is right, they may even stay around to nest. 13. 2013-11-19 20:12:06 2013-11-19 20:12:06. 123–125 "White-tailed Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. 158–161 "Eastern Rock Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. The nuthatch has never been recorded in Ireland. Red-breasted Nuthatches nest farther north and higher in the mountains than their relatives; when winter food crops fail in these boreal forests, they may migrate hundreds of miles to the south. Asked by Wiki User. [50][51] However, the two species of rock nuthatches are not strongly tied to woodlands: they breed on rocky slopes or cliffs, although both move into wooded areas when not breeding. 13.5 cm (5.3 in) long, blue-grey above, and buff below. 62. ASY nuthatches can be fairly worn and faded by mid-summer). [5], The nuthatch vanga of Madagascar (formerly known as the coral-billed nuthatch) and the sittellas from Australia and New Guinea were once placed in the nuthatch family because of similarities in appearance and lifestyle, but they are not closely related. [3][8], The nuthatches are all in the genus Sitta Linnaeus, 1758,[9] a name derived from σίττη : síttē, Ancient Greek for this bird. 16–18 cm (6.3–7.1 in) long, greyish upper parts and whitish underparts, pinkish rump. When breeding, a pair of nuthatches will only feed within their territory, but at other times will associate with passing tits or join mixed-species feeding flocks. ( Log Out /  [57], The western rock nuthatch builds an elaborate flask-shaped nest from mud, dung and hair or feathers, and decorates the nest's exterior and nearby crevices with feathers and insect wings. [13], The Eurasian, chestnut-vented, Kashmir and chestnut-bellied nuthatches form another superspecies and replace each other geographically across Asia. Foothills of the Himalayas from northeast India to western. Rose and red breasted nuthatches migrate … [2][3], Sometimes the wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria), which is restricted to the mountains of southern Eurasia, is placed in the same family as the nuthatches, but in a separate subfamily "Tichodromadinae", in which case the nuthatches are classified in the subfamily "Sittinae". Nuthatches are omnivorous, eating mostly insects, nuts, and seeds. Male has a black crown and eye stripe separated by a white supercilium; female has a grey crown and eye stripe. Nuthatches vocalize to announce their territory, and they possess a wide variety of whistles, trills and calls. The nuthatches constitute a genus, Sitta, of small passerine birds belonging to the family Sittidae. 165–168 "Sulphur-billed Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. All members of this genus nest in holes or crevices. In some species the lining consists of small woody objects such as bark flakes and seed husks, while in others it includes the moss, grass, hair and feathers typical of passerine birds. [50] The velvet-fronted nuthatch is the sole member of the family which prefers tropical lowland forests. [6] The red-breasted nuthatch, which coexists with the black-capped chickadee throughout much of its range, is able to understand the latter species' calls. Nuthatches tend to be incredibly territorial birds and, once established in a particular locale, are unlikely to move far away. Where Do They Nest? Do They Migrate? All nuthatches nest in cavities; except for the two species of rock nuthatches, all use tree holes, making a simple cup lined with soft materials on which to rest eggs. There are 24 different species of nuthatches in the world: our bird has much the widest distribution, as it breeds continually from Portugal to Korea and Japan. Answer. Many birds recognise the simple alarm calls produced by other species, but the red-breasted nuthatch is able to interpret the chickadees' detailed variations and to respond appropriately. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Rose and red breasted nuthatches migrate southward during the winter months. 140–142 "Chinese Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. Male has a black crown and eye stripe separated by a white. 169–172 "Giant Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. There are occasional sightings of them in southern Scotland. A preliminary review of the Sittidae", Cenozoic Birds of the World. They may occasionally use artificial nest boxes. [43][53][59][60] Both parents feed the young, and in the case of two American species, brown-headed and pygmy, helper males from the previous brood may assist the parents in feeding. Just when you think you know your common backyard birds, you learn they have fascinating stories of travel to tell. 150–155 "White-breasted Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. The Yunnan nuthatch can cope with some tree loss, since it prefers open pine woodland, but although still locally common, it has disappeared from several of the areas in which it was recorded in the early 20th century. 10 cm (3.9 in) long, grey cap, blue-grey upper parts, whitish underparts, whitish spot on the nape. [24], Members of the nuthatch family live in most of North America and Europe and throughout Asia down to the Wallace Line. [14][30][70] Similarly, the rock nuthatches wedge snails into suitable crevices for consumption in times of need. Do rose breasted nuthatches migrate? Print 3 birdhouse plans for 4 nuthatches and 2 titmice. Part 1:Europe, "Nuthatches eavesdrop on variations in heterospecific chickadee mobbing alarm calls", "Nuthatches, Wallcreeper, treecreepers, mockingbirds, starlings, oxpeckers", "Distribution and population size of the Corsican Nuthatch, "Preliminary analysis of the ecology and geography of the Asian nuthatches (Aves: Sittidae)", "Character displacement in Indian nuthatches (Sitta)", "Use of in bill-sweeping by White-breasted Nuthatch", "Annual survival rates of adult male Corsican nuthatches, "Parental investment strategies in two species of nuthatch vary with stage-specific predation risk and reproductive effort", "Observations on some behaviours of Krüper's Nuthatch (, "Memory for hoarded food: an aviary study of the European Nuthatch", "Turkey: briefing notes on tourism policy and institutional framework", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nuthatch&oldid=991419994, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Relatives of the nuthatches in the superfamily, Phylogeny based on a molecular genetic study by Martin Päckert and colleagues published in 2020. Martha Bromby counted 21 White-breasted Nuthatches described as migrating along with 100 Black-capped Chickadees and some neotropical songbirds along the shore of Lac Saint-Pierre in Québec on September 6th. Leave it to Audubon to get the specifics right. Lovely post! For the foods to put out for Nuthatches in the garden, peanuts in a mesh feeder are a real favourite, plus sunflower hearts and black sunflower seeds which they’ll more readily take from a ground feederor table, rather than tube fee… The female produces eggs that are white with red or yellow markings; the clutch size varies, tending to be larger for northern species. 15 cm (5.9 in) long, long and thin bill, black eye stripe, blue-grey upper parts, pure white underparts, long claw. The pygmy nuthatch is able to lower its body temperature when roosting, conserving energy through hypothermia and a lowered metabolic rate. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Red-breasted Nuthatches are the only nuthatches that regularly migrate down-slope in winter. Nuthatches do not occur in Ireland nor across many parts of Scotland. The 1968 article is similar to last month’s birdcast.info article in that it recognizes the similar pattern of migration frequency among the two nuthatch species and points to much anecdotal evidence as support. The red-breasted nuthatch makes the nest secure by daubing sticky conifer resin globules around the entrance, the male applying the resin outside and the female inside. 10.5 cm (4.1 in) long, brown cap with narrow black eye stripe and buff white cheeks, chin, and belly, wings are bluish-grey, small white spot at the nape of the neck. 15. Where do Red-breasted Nuthatches live in winter? The resin may deter predators or competitors (the resident birds avoid the resin by diving straight through the entrance hole). 4 Species of Nuthatches to Know. “Looking at count data from bird observatories at migration hotspots, a pattern quickly emerges — the white-breasted nuthatch movement tends to occur the same year as irruptions of red-breasted nuthatches. 19.5 cm (7.7 in) long, greyish upper parts and whitish underparts. [66], Cold can be a problem for small birds that do not migrate. Photo by Chris Bosak A white-breasted nuthatch perches on a branch in New England, fall 2019. However, other bluebirds are residents and stay on or near their territories throughout the year. 14. Although head markings vary between species, a long black eye stripe, with contrasting white supercilium, dark forehead and blackish cap is common. They were formerly considered to be one species, but are now normally split into three[12] and comprise a superspecies along with the Krüper's and Algerian nuthatch. Wiki User Answered . These nuthatches look very beautiful and slender birds. Birds do not consciously choose not to migrate, of course, as migration is an inherent, instinctive behavior. The sexes look similar, but may differ in underpart colouration, especially on the rear flanks and under the tail. 2005. The nuthatch has never been recorded in Ireland. Vocalizations / Calls. Volume 2: attributes and status. [15] Mitochondrial DNA studies have demonstrated that the white-breasted northern subspecies of Eurasian nuthatch, S. (europea) arctica, is distinctive,[16] and also a possible candidate for full species status. 138–140 "Krüper's Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. [19] Two fossil species have been described in the genus Sitta: S. cuvieri Gervais, 1852 and S. senogalliensis Portis, 1888, but probably not belong to nuthatches. These comparisons would be impossible without long-term migration monitoring data from bird observatories such as Long Point in Ontario, which has carefully tracked migratory nuthatch abundance since the early 1960s,” the article reads. 119–123 "Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. Food availability and competition for food typically dictate irruptions. pp. I, too, have noticed an abundance of the stocky birds in my yard. [6] Unusually for a bird, the brown-headed nuthatch uses a piece of tree bark as a lever to pry up other bark flakes to look for food; the bark tool may then be carried from tree to tree or used to cover a seed cache. What is the bird that can hang upside down on a branch? While the first two sources aren’t way off base, it is inaccurate to say the white-breasted nuthatch is not migratory. [17] This split has been accepted by the British Ornithologists' Union. Despite being the largest of all the nuthatches, the white-breasted nuthatch is still a small bird, roughly fist-sized and typically weighing less than an ounce… Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Its nest can be quite small but may weigh up to 32 kg (70 lb). [50] Most species are resident year-round. For the Birds: Migrating white-breasted nuthatches. [74][75] The Algerian nuthatch is found in only four areas of Algeria, and it is possible that the total population does not exceed 1,000 birds. I posted a photo of a white-breasted nuthatch on my website last week for no particulary reason and almost instantly got a comment from a reader stating that he is seeing more of these birds at his feeders this year. An article published on birdcast.info last month states that this is indeed a year in which white-breasted nuthatches are migrating in larger-than-normal numbers. 11.5 cm (4.5 in) long, greyish upper parts and pinkish underparts. Have you noticed an exceptional number of white-breasted nuthatches at your feeders this fall? Posted by Walter | Jun 16, 2020 Next time you’re in your garden, have a look in your trees, particularly if they are tall, to see if you have a nuthatch nesting in one of the trunks, as they’re rather partial to living and breeding in them… 143–144 "Yunnan Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. Together with a few smaller anecdotes, we … They do often display considerable aggression against the same and/or other species in any struggle for territorial rights. 11.5 cm (4.5 in) long, greyish upper parts and mostly whitish underparts. A few nuthatch species have restricted ranges and face threats from deforestation. Eurasian and red-breasted nuthatches are lowland birds in the north of their extensive ranges, but breed in the mountains further south; for example, Eurasian nuthatch, which breeds where the July temperature range is 16–27 °C (61–81 °F), is found near sea level in Northern Europe, but between 1,750 and 1,850 m (5,740 and 6,070 ft) altitude in Morocco. It has been described as Certhiops rummeli. It has a long, powerful beak and a black streak running across its eye. 12.5 cm (4.9 in) long, pinkish underparts, yellow beak, bluish upper parts. White-breasted Nuthatches do not generally excavate their own holes, but nest in a natural cavity or old woodpecker hole. 13–14 cm (5.1–5.5 in) long, the white of the face completely surrounds the eye, face and the underparts are white, upper parts are mostly pale blue-grey. 168–169 "Blue Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. 11.5–12.5 cm (4.5–4.9 in) long, whitish underparts with a reddish throat, mostly grey upper parts. Their breeding songs tend to be simple and often identical to their contact calls but longer in duration. 133–135 "Corsican Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. Northernmost populations migrate south each year, but other populations may not migrate at all. The Ripley guide. [65] Nuthatches and other small woodland birds share the same predators: accipiters, owls, squirrels and woodpeckers. [76], Deforestation has also caused population declines for the vulnerable Yunnan and yellow-billed nuthatches. Do they really migrate? The chickadee has subtle call variations that communicate information about the size and risk of potential predators. An American study showed that nuthatch responses to predators may be linked to reproductive strategies. Nuthatches excavate nest cavities in trees, usually in soft or rotten wood. The white-breasted nuthatch is shorter-lived than the red-breasted nuthatch, but has more young, and was found to respond more strongly to the egg predator, whereas the red-breasted showed greater concern with the hawk. [61][62], For the few species on which data are available, the average nuthatch lifespan in the wild is between 2 and 3.5 years, although ages of up to 10 years have been recorded. They will migrate south when the seed supplies dwindle. We do not have them in Ireland. They have long, sturdy, pointed bills and strong toes with long claws. They may modify natural cavities with mud masonry or resin to reduce the size of the entrance hole. 144–148 "Red-breasted Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. [18], A 2006 review of Asian nuthatches suggested that there are still unresolved problems in nuthatch taxonomy and proposed splitting the genus Sitta. Krüper's nuthatch can even stretch downward from an upside-down position to drink water from leaves without touching the ground. 109–114 "Eurasian Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. The shade of grey upper parts and the darkness of the eye stripe vary between the three subspecies. Studying the white-breasted nuthatch migration is nothing new. ( Log Out /  Nuthatches have blue-grey backs (violet-blue in some Asian species, which also have red or yellow bills) and white underparts, which are variably tinted with buff, orange, rufous or lilac. Another very pale and worn-looking SY male, with colour of the wing somewhat less obvious than in the previous example. Most nuthatches breed in the temperate or montane woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere, although two species have adapted to rocky habitats in the warmer and drier regions of Eurasia. In occasional years, numbers may move south in the western and northern parts of the range, in an unexplained irruptive movement; this is far less frequent and less pronounced than in the Red-breasted Nuthatch. Unusually for nuthatches, all five species excavate their own nests. The altricial (naked and helpless) chicks take between 21 and 27 days to fledge. 16.5 cm (6.5 in) long, black-backed with white streaking, bright blue upper back, rump and shoulders, dull orange underparts and paler face. The nests are located in rock crevices, in caves, under cliff overhangs or on buildings. "A revised phylogeny of nuthatches (Aves, Passeriformes, "Monophyly and relationships of wrens (Aves: Troglodytidae):a congruence analysis of heterogeneous mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data", "Selective neutrality of mitochondrial ND2 sequences, phylogeography and species limits in, "Systematic notes on Asian birds. Last week in this column, we discussed the Winter Finch Forecast and hypothesized on what finches and other birds will irrupt into New England and farther south this fall and winter. Photo by Manon Dubé, Banff National Park (AB), June 2007 Northeast India and Burma and locally in southern China and northern Southeast Asia, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 23:48. 13.5 cm (5.3 in) long. Nuthatches have a wide range of calls. This suggestion would move the red- and yellow-billed south Asian species (velvet-fronted, yellow-billed and sulphur-billed nuthatches) to a new genus, create a third genus for the blue nuthatch, and possibly a fourth for the beautiful nuthatch. Birdcast is a consortium of birding organizations that use high-tech equipment to track migration patterns of birds. Red-breasted Nuthatches live in conifer woods primarily in the north and West. If so, you’re not alone and migration is the likely reason. Western and northern temperate North America, winters across much of the US and southern. The nuthatches are a genus, Sitta, of small passerine birds which derive their English name from the propensity of some species to wedge large insects or seeds into cracks, and then hack at them with their strong bills. Do Eastern Bluebirds migrate for the winter? In some species the lining consists of small woody objects such as bark flakes and seed husks, while in others it includes the moss, grass, hair and feathers typical of passerine birds. ... Nuthatches in Texas. We don’t typically think of white-breasted nuthatches as migratory birds. 1406–1407 "Rock Nuthatch", Snow & Perrins (1998) p. 1398 "Nuthatch: Family Sittidae", "Earth history and the passerine superradiation", "Notes on some Asiatic nuthatches and creepers". The. [14] A recent change in this taxonomy is a split of the chestnut-bellied nuthatch into three species, namely the Indian nuthatch, Sitta castanea, found south of the Ganges, the Burmese nuthatch, Sitta neglecta, found in southeast Asia, and the chestnut-bellied nuthatch sensu stricto, S. cinnamoventris, which occurs in the Himalayas. For the most part, Red-breasted Nuthatches live year-round in the same area in which they breed, as listed above. 0 1 2. [37], Most nuthatches are woodland birds and the majority are found in coniferous or other evergreen forests, although each species has a preference for a particular tree type. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 1400–1401 "Algerian Nuthatch", Snow & Perrins (1998) pp. I found in my research an article from 1968 by the Bureau of Research, New Jersey State Museum entitled “An Extraordinary Autumn Migration of White-Breasted Nuthatches.”. [58][73] In contrast, some of the more restricted species face severe pressures. Unlike woodpeckers and treecreepers, however, they do not use their tails for additional support, relying instead on their strong legs and feet to progress in jerky hops. This superfamily, the Certhioidea, is proposed on phylogenetic studies using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA, and was created to cover a clade of (four or) five families removed from a larger grouping of passerine birds, the Sylvioidea. Nuthatch, any of about 25 species of short-tailed, long-billed birds in the family Sittidae (order Passeriformes), known for their abilities to grip tree bark as they walk up, down, and around trunks and branches and to hang upside down on the underside of tree limbs as they forage for insects and [42] The eastern rock nuthatch builds a similar but less complex structure across the entrance to a cavity. Food: Nuthatches are primarily insectivorous, but they will easily visit bird feeders for nuts, sunflower seeds, mealworms, suet, and peanut butter, particularly in fall and winter.If you learn how to offer suet to backyard birds and add peanut feeders to the buffet, nuthatches will happily become regular guests. Conservation status Have you noticed an exceptional number of white-breasted nuthatches at your feeders this fall? Characterised by large heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet, nuthatches advertise their territory using loud, simple songs. The slow range expansion north into Scotland has been documented through BTO surveys, with gardens often one of the first places that newly established individuals are noted. 164–165 "Yellow-billed Nuthatch", Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. Nuthatches (except Red-breasted) are non-migratory, year-round residents throughout their ranges. The eggs are incubated for 12 to 18 days by the female alone, or by both parents, depending on the species. According to the article, white-breasted nuthatches follow typical irruptive migration patterns, such as unpredictable years and moving east, west or even north to find food as well as south. 13 cm (5.1 in) long, white cheeks, chin, throat, and underparts, upper parts mostly dark grey. 12.5–14 cm (4.9–5.5 in) long, mostly pale grey upper parts and mostly whitish underparts, dark eye stripe. 468–489 in, Harrap & Quinn (1996) pp. [79][80], "Sitta" redirects here. They forage within their territories when breeding, but they may join mixed feeding flocks at other times. 12. Fire, erosion, and grazing and disturbance by livestock have reduced the quality of the habitat, despite its location in the Taza National Park. It measured the willingness of males of two species to feed incubating females on the nest when presented with models of a sharp-shinned hawk, which hunts adult nuthatches, or a house wren, which destroys eggs. We don’t notice strong white-breasted nuthatch migration years because we are used to seeing them year-round. The red-breasted nuthatch, Corsican nuthatch and Chinese nuthatch have breeding ranges separated by thousands of kilometres, but are similar in habitat preference, appearance and song. Birds of South Asia. Photo by Manon Dubé, Banff National Park (AB), June 2007. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Nuthatches are one of the nosiest woodland birds in the early spring, but are relatively silent when breeding. The song is a loud, rapid series of piping notes. [6], The sizes of nuthatches vary,[6] from the large giant nuthatch, at 195 mm (7.7 in) and 36–47 g (1.3–1.7 oz),[21] to the small brown-headed nuthatch and the pygmy nuthatch, both around 100 mm (3.9 in) in length and about 10 g (0.35 oz). The nuthatch is a distinctive bird with an orange breast, blue-grey wings and compact build. [22], Nuthatches are very vocal, using an assortment of whistles, trills and calls. The population of the white-browed nuthatch, estimated at only a few thousand, is decreasing, and no conservation measures are in place. Next, check out 15 common backyard birds you should know. They are reliable backyard feeder birds and year-round residents, just like chickadees and tufted titmice. 1402–1404 "Nuthatch", Snow & Perrins (1998) pp. This species will also nest in river banks or tree holes and will enlarge its nest hole if it the cavity is too small. Nuthatches are sparsely represented in Africa; one species lives in a small area of northeastern Algeria[49] and a population of the Eurasian nuthatch subspecies, S. e. hispaniensis, lives in the mountains of Morocco. Migration Status. Thank you for the info!! Large autumn irruptions of Red-breasted Nuthatches in eastern North America (2018, for example) are often presaged by a coastal arrival of the species in late summer (especially

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