. The swelling of the dough, and the commotion which goes on in the leavened mass, are owing to the multiplication of the plant-cells, which takes place with astonishing rapidity. These parables do not describe the kingdom in a systematic way, but show us a series of snapshots taken from different perspectives. I. Christ, the Son of God, became man and dwelt among us. ), Christianity an impartation, not an evolution, The kingdom, then, is not an off-shoot from the world, but some sort of an importation into it: not an outgo, but an income. A small amount of "old dough" was kept in a jar as a "starter." (Hugh Macmillan. There may be no significance in this part of the figure, though some find in it a reference to the Church. The word "leaven" is every where else used in a bad sense; and either designs immorality, as malice and wickedness, or false doctrine, such as that of the Pharisees and Sadducees: but here it seems to be taken in a good sense, and the Gospel to be compared unto it; nor for its disagreeable qualities, but on account of its small quantity; it is a little leaven that leavens the whole lump, and may express, as the grain of mustard seed does, the small beginnings of the Gospel, and its meanness in the eyes of men; and on account of its piercing, penetrating, and spreading nature: so the Gospel reaches the conscience, pierces the heart, enlightens the understanding, informs the judgment, raises and sets the affections on right objects, subdues the will, and brings down all towering thoughts, to the obedience of Christ, in particular persons; and has penetrated and made its way, under divine influence, through towns, cities, kingdoms, and nations: also on account of its heating, swelling, and assimilating nature; so the Gospel, where it takes place, warms the affections, causes the heart to burn within, inspires with zeal for God, and Christ, and the Gospel; it swells and fills churches with such as shall be saved, and assimilates the several persons it operates in, makes them like one another, one bread, one body, having like precious faith, knowledge, and experience, though in a different degree. The Kingdom of heaven is like yeast. 1891. Do you suppose that all persons who wear the name of philanthropists are philanthropic in heart? "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". The change begins there; the outward reformation not preparing the way for regeneration, but springing from it, growing out of it as a tree grows out of its seed, or a stream flows out of its spring. Ver. The meaning is somewhat the same as the preceding one but from a different standpoint. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. He condescends to paint two more pictures, a woman hiding leaven in three measures of meal, and a man casting a net into the sea. The Spirit of God is fettered by no analogy, His influence may be signally exerted. Let our prayer be, Lord, “sanctify me through thy truth [Note: John 17:17. The parable of the Yeast Cross reference scripture Luke 13:21 "It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three pecks of flour until it was all leavened." 1871-8. "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". A prophecy.—The promise of the parable has hitherto been realised only in a very imperfect measure; yet we must consider these words, ‘till the whole was leavened,’ as a prophecy of the final complete triumph of the Gospel, that it will diffuse itself through all nations and purify and ennoble all life. We may understand our Lord as describing in this parable either the influence of the Gospel on the world and its final universal manifestation, or the influence and operation of Divine grace on those in whose hearts the Spirit of God has lodged it. to make wholesome and fit for use that which would otherwise be heavy and insalubrious. It would not be with a great outward display but with the quiet moving forwards of God’s purposes through the Holy Spirit. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 36. Both these parables show how thoroughly Jesus was aware that great things grow from minute beginnings. How hidden, we know not; where hidden, we know not; but it is hidden, and, amid all the marvels of its working, is never seen. Matthew 13:33. There are in all Houses of Parliament, all over the world, noble men, high-spirited patriots, incorruptible spirits that devote themselves to the noblest interests of their country; there are others who, perhaps, were never moved by a noble impulse in any direction, and to whom the country is nothing but a gigantic money-producing machine. A woman, in the bad ethical sense, always symbolizes something out of place, religiously, See Scofield "Zechariah 5:6". 1885-95. Many of you are in the time of blossom and of promise, but not of character. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gcc/matthew-13.html. it were three sata of barley. ., 1:594. 33. ζύμῃ. "Whereas the parable of the mustard seed answers the question of whether the phase of the kingdom planted by Jesus would survive, the parable of the leavening process answers how. In context, Jesus has just told the Parable of the Mustard Seed which essentially has the same meaning as this yeast parable. Exodus During the time of Mr Bradford’s imprisonment in the King’s Bench and Counter in the Poultry, he preached twice a day continually, unless sickness hindered him: where also the sacrament was administered. Leaven, it is observed, is of a softening nature; though the meal be crushed down hard, yet if the leaven be hid in it, it will make it soft and mellow. ., p182; Walvoord, Matthew: . Copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library. Behold the piece of leaven that has been plunged into the dead mass of the world. Curiously enough some people deny that Jesus here likens the expanding power of the Kingdom of heaven to leaven, because, they say, leaven is the symbol of corruption. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. The whole series of communications from Eden to Patmos is consistently exhibited as so much importation. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven— The meaning of this parable is commonly thought to be the same as that of the preceding; but there seems to be this difference between them; the parable of the grain of mustard seed represents the smallness of the Gospel in its beginnings, together with its subsequent greatness; whereas the parable of the leaven, which, being hid in a quantity of meal, fermented the whole, expresses in a very lively manner both the nature and strength of the operation of truth upon the mind; for though the doctrines of the Gospel, when first proposed, seemed to be lost in that enormous mass of passions and worldly thoughts with which men's minds were filled; yet did they then, through the Divine Spirit, most eminentlyexert their influence, converting men's thoughts and desires intoa conformity to truth. It is to prepare the meal to be moulded into a loaf and so become the bread for the family. W. Beecher, Christian World Pulpit, vol. American Tract Society. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. As for Matthew 13:33, I believe that "yeast" or "leaven" does not always have to represent "sin," which is merely one type of "leaven." Until the whole was leavened: to be "leavened" by the Gospel, is to be evangelized by it, to be brought into the life and liberty of it, to a Gospel way of living by faith on Christ; to derive all peace, joy, and comfort from him, and not from any works of righteousness; and to have a man's obedience influenced by the love of God, so as to do it cheerfully, and without dependence on it. In general, leaven is something that starts out small or localized and then spreads throughout the medium in which it is contained. But both of these may see their error, if they will duly consider this parable. To find the Trinity here is, of course, quite beside the mark. But then, how is it said that the Kingdom of Heaven is like this leaven? You complain of the unripeness and unmellowness, the superficiality of many a young character, and the incompleteness and imperfectness of many a young career. See reff. Matthew 13:33 33 He told them another parable. The same is true of the symbol of the "woman", see below. It is not one shower that makes the summer, it is shower upon shower, baptism following baptism in gracious intermission and yet in gracious persistency. It would not so much be with the earthquake, as with the still small voice (1 Kings 19:12). b “ The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in c three measures of flour , till it was d all leavened .” You remember your being converted, turned round, set in a homeward direction, taken from the wrong road, and placed in the right one: without cant or whine or mocking pretence, you are not ashamed to say that you were converted. It does seem bold and startling that Christ, in this parable, would reverse the usual meaning of leaven and make it something good, holy, and desirable; but another example of the same reversal is seen in the fact that Christ is "a lion" (Revelation 5:5), and so is the devil (1 Peter 5:8)! E. Mellor, The Hem of Christ's Garment, p. 152. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". I. The parable indicates that the influence is internal and noiseless, not dependent upon external organization so much as upon quiet personal agency and example, since the leaven transforms the dough lying next, until it is ‘all leavened.’ The last clause is not to be interpreted absolutely, since an evil development is set forth in the second and seventh parables, and hinted at in the third. (M. Dods, D. D.). Here the Kingdom is the yeast. This influence sheds itself off in a thousand ways too subtle to be resisted, and in forms so fine as to insinuate themselves where words would find no entrance. Gradual in its operation.—The ‘whole lump’ will be leavened, but it takes time. This denotes that the mysterious element which possesses such penetrative powers is for a time concealed from sight. We know that we love God, because we love the brethren Not as though we were already perfect. in Ruth ii. σάτον, סְאָה (Aram. The descendants of the three sons of Noah, or the Jew, the Greek, the Barbarian, as representing the whole race of mankind, or body, soul, and spirit, as the three parts of man’s nature, which the new truth is to permeate and purify, are all in this sense equally legitimate applications. Let me try to reveal the kingdom of heaven today under two aspects. 1874-1909. How long will it continue to assert itself? xxiv., p. 227. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". But this effect again is not to be traced in the establishment or history of so-called Churches, but in the hidden advancement, without observation, of that deep leavening power which works irrespective of human forms and systems. He acknowledges that he would, but the cities would not. You cannot tell how you were educated: there is no specific day in our human life upon which we can say we were then educated, in any complete or final sense of the term. ; Revelation 2:20; Revelation 17:1-6. 1 Corinthians 5:6-8. On account of this mysterious property, our Lord compared the Gospel to the wind, which, though manifest enough in its effects, is in many respects inexplicable [Note: John 3:8.]. The kingdom of heaven is not only penetrating and gradual, it is silent in its ministry. Ezekiel Waffles Where To Buy, Edge Of Alaska Mark Wacht Age, Cv Background Photo, Camellia Oleifera Vs Japonica, Data Storage Conferences 2020, " /> . The swelling of the dough, and the commotion which goes on in the leavened mass, are owing to the multiplication of the plant-cells, which takes place with astonishing rapidity. These parables do not describe the kingdom in a systematic way, but show us a series of snapshots taken from different perspectives. I. Christ, the Son of God, became man and dwelt among us. ), Christianity an impartation, not an evolution, The kingdom, then, is not an off-shoot from the world, but some sort of an importation into it: not an outgo, but an income. A small amount of "old dough" was kept in a jar as a "starter." (Hugh Macmillan. There may be no significance in this part of the figure, though some find in it a reference to the Church. The word "leaven" is every where else used in a bad sense; and either designs immorality, as malice and wickedness, or false doctrine, such as that of the Pharisees and Sadducees: but here it seems to be taken in a good sense, and the Gospel to be compared unto it; nor for its disagreeable qualities, but on account of its small quantity; it is a little leaven that leavens the whole lump, and may express, as the grain of mustard seed does, the small beginnings of the Gospel, and its meanness in the eyes of men; and on account of its piercing, penetrating, and spreading nature: so the Gospel reaches the conscience, pierces the heart, enlightens the understanding, informs the judgment, raises and sets the affections on right objects, subdues the will, and brings down all towering thoughts, to the obedience of Christ, in particular persons; and has penetrated and made its way, under divine influence, through towns, cities, kingdoms, and nations: also on account of its heating, swelling, and assimilating nature; so the Gospel, where it takes place, warms the affections, causes the heart to burn within, inspires with zeal for God, and Christ, and the Gospel; it swells and fills churches with such as shall be saved, and assimilates the several persons it operates in, makes them like one another, one bread, one body, having like precious faith, knowledge, and experience, though in a different degree. The Kingdom of heaven is like yeast. 1891. Do you suppose that all persons who wear the name of philanthropists are philanthropic in heart? "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". The change begins there; the outward reformation not preparing the way for regeneration, but springing from it, growing out of it as a tree grows out of its seed, or a stream flows out of its spring. Ver. The meaning is somewhat the same as the preceding one but from a different standpoint. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. He condescends to paint two more pictures, a woman hiding leaven in three measures of meal, and a man casting a net into the sea. The Spirit of God is fettered by no analogy, His influence may be signally exerted. Let our prayer be, Lord, “sanctify me through thy truth [Note: John 17:17. The parable of the Yeast Cross reference scripture Luke 13:21 "It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three pecks of flour until it was all leavened." 1871-8. "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". A prophecy.—The promise of the parable has hitherto been realised only in a very imperfect measure; yet we must consider these words, ‘till the whole was leavened,’ as a prophecy of the final complete triumph of the Gospel, that it will diffuse itself through all nations and purify and ennoble all life. We may understand our Lord as describing in this parable either the influence of the Gospel on the world and its final universal manifestation, or the influence and operation of Divine grace on those in whose hearts the Spirit of God has lodged it. to make wholesome and fit for use that which would otherwise be heavy and insalubrious. It would not be with a great outward display but with the quiet moving forwards of God’s purposes through the Holy Spirit. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 36. Both these parables show how thoroughly Jesus was aware that great things grow from minute beginnings. How hidden, we know not; where hidden, we know not; but it is hidden, and, amid all the marvels of its working, is never seen. Matthew 13:33. There are in all Houses of Parliament, all over the world, noble men, high-spirited patriots, incorruptible spirits that devote themselves to the noblest interests of their country; there are others who, perhaps, were never moved by a noble impulse in any direction, and to whom the country is nothing but a gigantic money-producing machine. A woman, in the bad ethical sense, always symbolizes something out of place, religiously, See Scofield "Zechariah 5:6". 1885-95. Many of you are in the time of blossom and of promise, but not of character. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gcc/matthew-13.html. it were three sata of barley. ., 1:594. 33. ζύμῃ. "Whereas the parable of the mustard seed answers the question of whether the phase of the kingdom planted by Jesus would survive, the parable of the leavening process answers how. In context, Jesus has just told the Parable of the Mustard Seed which essentially has the same meaning as this yeast parable. Exodus During the time of Mr Bradford’s imprisonment in the King’s Bench and Counter in the Poultry, he preached twice a day continually, unless sickness hindered him: where also the sacrament was administered. Leaven, it is observed, is of a softening nature; though the meal be crushed down hard, yet if the leaven be hid in it, it will make it soft and mellow. ., p182; Walvoord, Matthew: . Copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library. Behold the piece of leaven that has been plunged into the dead mass of the world. Curiously enough some people deny that Jesus here likens the expanding power of the Kingdom of heaven to leaven, because, they say, leaven is the symbol of corruption. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. The whole series of communications from Eden to Patmos is consistently exhibited as so much importation. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven— The meaning of this parable is commonly thought to be the same as that of the preceding; but there seems to be this difference between them; the parable of the grain of mustard seed represents the smallness of the Gospel in its beginnings, together with its subsequent greatness; whereas the parable of the leaven, which, being hid in a quantity of meal, fermented the whole, expresses in a very lively manner both the nature and strength of the operation of truth upon the mind; for though the doctrines of the Gospel, when first proposed, seemed to be lost in that enormous mass of passions and worldly thoughts with which men's minds were filled; yet did they then, through the Divine Spirit, most eminentlyexert their influence, converting men's thoughts and desires intoa conformity to truth. It is to prepare the meal to be moulded into a loaf and so become the bread for the family. W. Beecher, Christian World Pulpit, vol. American Tract Society. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. As for Matthew 13:33, I believe that "yeast" or "leaven" does not always have to represent "sin," which is merely one type of "leaven." Until the whole was leavened: to be "leavened" by the Gospel, is to be evangelized by it, to be brought into the life and liberty of it, to a Gospel way of living by faith on Christ; to derive all peace, joy, and comfort from him, and not from any works of righteousness; and to have a man's obedience influenced by the love of God, so as to do it cheerfully, and without dependence on it. In general, leaven is something that starts out small or localized and then spreads throughout the medium in which it is contained. But both of these may see their error, if they will duly consider this parable. To find the Trinity here is, of course, quite beside the mark. But then, how is it said that the Kingdom of Heaven is like this leaven? You complain of the unripeness and unmellowness, the superficiality of many a young character, and the incompleteness and imperfectness of many a young career. See reff. Matthew 13:33 33 He told them another parable. The same is true of the symbol of the "woman", see below. It is not one shower that makes the summer, it is shower upon shower, baptism following baptism in gracious intermission and yet in gracious persistency. It would not so much be with the earthquake, as with the still small voice (1 Kings 19:12). b “ The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in c three measures of flour , till it was d all leavened .” You remember your being converted, turned round, set in a homeward direction, taken from the wrong road, and placed in the right one: without cant or whine or mocking pretence, you are not ashamed to say that you were converted. It does seem bold and startling that Christ, in this parable, would reverse the usual meaning of leaven and make it something good, holy, and desirable; but another example of the same reversal is seen in the fact that Christ is "a lion" (Revelation 5:5), and so is the devil (1 Peter 5:8)! E. Mellor, The Hem of Christ's Garment, p. 152. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". I. The parable indicates that the influence is internal and noiseless, not dependent upon external organization so much as upon quiet personal agency and example, since the leaven transforms the dough lying next, until it is ‘all leavened.’ The last clause is not to be interpreted absolutely, since an evil development is set forth in the second and seventh parables, and hinted at in the third. (M. Dods, D. D.). Here the Kingdom is the yeast. This influence sheds itself off in a thousand ways too subtle to be resisted, and in forms so fine as to insinuate themselves where words would find no entrance. Gradual in its operation.—The ‘whole lump’ will be leavened, but it takes time. This denotes that the mysterious element which possesses such penetrative powers is for a time concealed from sight. We know that we love God, because we love the brethren Not as though we were already perfect. in Ruth ii. σάτον, סְאָה (Aram. The descendants of the three sons of Noah, or the Jew, the Greek, the Barbarian, as representing the whole race of mankind, or body, soul, and spirit, as the three parts of man’s nature, which the new truth is to permeate and purify, are all in this sense equally legitimate applications. Let me try to reveal the kingdom of heaven today under two aspects. 1874-1909. How long will it continue to assert itself? xxiv., p. 227. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". But this effect again is not to be traced in the establishment or history of so-called Churches, but in the hidden advancement, without observation, of that deep leavening power which works irrespective of human forms and systems. He acknowledges that he would, but the cities would not. You cannot tell how you were educated: there is no specific day in our human life upon which we can say we were then educated, in any complete or final sense of the term. ; Revelation 2:20; Revelation 17:1-6. 1 Corinthians 5:6-8. On account of this mysterious property, our Lord compared the Gospel to the wind, which, though manifest enough in its effects, is in many respects inexplicable [Note: John 3:8.]. The kingdom of heaven is not only penetrating and gradual, it is silent in its ministry. Ezekiel Waffles Where To Buy, Edge Of Alaska Mark Wacht Age, Cv Background Photo, Camellia Oleifera Vs Japonica, Data Storage Conferences 2020, " />

matthew 13:33 meaning

in Ezekiel 4:12, render the Hebrew עוג (630) (to bake) by ἐγκρύπτω (to conceal(631)), whence is derived ἐγκρυφίας, a cake.— σάτα(632) τρία, three measures) As much as was generally carried by a man, or taken for baking, at once; see Genesis 18:6.— ἐζυμώθη, was leavened) I would rather refer this to the propagation, than the corruption of the Church. It is a vegetable growth, of enormous energy for its size, multiplying itself at a rate incredible to any but the scientific mind; feeding its active life, as it grows from spot to spot, upon the material into which it has been introduced, until there is nothing left for it to feed upon and assimilate to itself. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. ], [Note: E.g, Toussaint, Behold the . Verse 42. Hence, this woman is surreptitiously … WORDS OF JESUS IN RED. : He says, "Until the whole was leavened," because that love implanted in our mind ought to grow until it changes the whole soul into its own perfection; which is begun here, but is completed hereafter. "Sermon Bible Commentary". 1675. By the three measures He intends either those three things in man, with the whole heart, with the whole soul, with the whole mind; or the three degrees of fruitfulness, the hundred-fold, the sixty-fold, the thirty-fold; or those three kinds of men, Noe, Daniel, and Job. You are not so weak. Just a small pinch of yeast would spread throughout the whole bushel of flour, This is how the Kingdom/church is active in the world. ‘The Kingly Rule does not come with outward observation, nor will the say “lo, here” or “lo, there” for behold the Kingly Rule of God is within you (or among you)’ (Luke 17:20-21). Three of these, an ephah, appears to have been the usual quantity prepared for a baking: see Genesis 18:6; Judges 6:19; 1 Samuel 1:24. I. "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". You choke the usurer with leaven when you tell him that his sins shall not be forgiven till his unjust gains be restored. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. It is infinitely better to know our guilt and danger than to be lulled asleep in a fatal security. BibliographyVincent, Marvin R. DD. The truth was never so fully, broadly, and benignly established in the human mind as it is this day. It yields more real satisfaction to see in this brief parable just the all-penetrating and assimilating quality of the Gospel, by virtue of which it will yet mould all institutions and tribes of men, and exhibit over the whole earth one “kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ.”. They are fighting the evils on principles drawn from Jesus Christ, but they are not fighting the evils to the extent that they ought to do, with the Churches alongside. ix. Matthew 13:33-37 New International Version (NIV). Thus, the Israelites were commanded to purge out the old leaven during Passover; and the disciples were warned by the Saviour against the leaven of the Pharisees. the Kingdom of God, when received within, would seem like leaven hid, but would gradually pervade, assimilate, and transform the whole of our common life." Meal, on the contrary, was used in one of the sweet- savour offerings Leviticus 2:1-3. and was food for the priests Leviticus 6:15-17. This is a collection of five or six parables (depending on how we count verses 51-52) of the kingdom of heaven. 1905-1909. Here are three parables by the evangelist put together before he cometh to the explication which our Saviour giveth of the first; all of them concerning the gospel church, and the dispensation of the gospel. It being a woman's work to knead, it seems a refinement to say that "the woman" here represents the Church, as the instrument of depositing the leaven. The Church is a net that holds all sorts of people. It inspires and fills the heart with hope. Shall we, therefore, say there is no kingdom of heaven because of the insincere, the unworthy, and the hypocritical? In what is it compared. If you have received, you are able, and you are bound, to transmit this quickening, assimilating, transforming, lightening influence, and you need never complain of a want of objects upon which to exercise it, for the man or woman that is next you is the person that you ought to affect. So there is the meaning of the three measures of meal, the unleavened bread of sincerity, honesty, and truth. It is a type of stupendous increase. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/matthew-13.html. Hilary: Or otherwise; The Lord compares Himself to leaven; for leaven is produced from meal, and communicates the power that it has received to a heap of its own kind. The leaven may just have been hid in the three measures of meal: the leaven has not yet had time to work: the leaven has been in you for half a century, but it has only been in your son for half a month or half a year—it would therefore be unwise on your part to condemn the young because of their imperfectness, incompleteness, immaturity. 1863-1878. It is a living force: and action is essential to its life, as air is to the life of man. The measure here designed, is the Hebrew seah, which held a gallon and an half, and three of these made an ephah; and which is often rendered by the F1 Targumists, (Nyao tlt) , "three seahs", or "measures", the very phrase here used; and the reason why three are particularly mentioned is, because such a quantity used to be fermented and kneaded by women at one time; see ( Genesis 18:6 ) and for the further illustration of this, take the following passage out of the Talmud F2. FOURTH PARABLE. To the latter we would say, be not discouraged at the commotion in your soul; but be thankful for it. The penetrative and diffusive power of this leaven. It was the excessive pressing of such details as these that resulted in a retreat to the position mentioned earlier of seeing only one point in a parable. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". ref. Teelman. Copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain. These three characters of grace form three excellent tests of character and of the genuineness of our religion. W. Arnot, The Parables of our Lord, p. 111. The fact that the leaven was ‘hidden’ in the meal stresses the quiet way in which the work would go forward. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven] Which soon diffuseth itself into the whole lump. Now it seems to me to be a deplorable, but a certainly true thing, that not only are these evils not attacked by the Churches as they ought to be, but that to a very large extent the task of attacking them has fallen into the hands of people who have little sympathy with the Church and its doctrines. ), It consists of myriads of the cells of the common green mould in an undeveloped state. The “leaven”—commonly, as in the Passover ritual, the symbol of malice and wickedness (1 Corinthians 5:8)—causing an action in the flour with which it is mingled that is of the nature of decay and tends to actual putrescence, here becomes, in the mode of teaching which does not confine itself within the limits of a traditional and conventional symbolism, the type of influence for good as well as evil. He says, "three measures," to signify a great abundance; that definite number standing for an indefinite quantity. 2013. The secret energy of the leaven is discoverable in its effects; but the precise mode of its operation cannot be ascertained. BibliographyWesley, John. But the secrecy and the all-pervading character of leaven aptly symbolize the growth of Christianity, [1] as a society penetrating everywhere by a subtle and mysterious operation until in this light—as a secret brotherhood—it appeared dangerous to the Roman empire; [2] as an influence unfelt at first growing up within the human soul. Who are we that we shall judge one another, except nobly and hopefully? By the "three measures of meal", are meant the elect of God; who, because of their nature and quality, are compared to meal, or fine flour; and that because of that of which it is made, wheat, to a corn of which Christ is compared, John 12:24 and by whose grace the saints are what they are, justified, regenerated, and sanctified; and on account of the manner it becomes so, as by grinding the wheat, sifting it when ground, and separating it from the bran; all which may express the first convictions in the conscience of awakened sinners, the grace of God in conversion, and the separation of them from the rest of the world, in the effectual calling; as also by reason of its choiceness, purity, and goodness, the saints being chosen of God and precious, and being pure and spotless, through the grace and righteousness of Christ, and being highly valued, and had in great esteem by him; and because of their quantity, are compared to three measures of meal. Christianity is itself a living, breathing presence, not a mere dull, dead thing; a life. Suppose that the woman, taking, instead of leaven, a stone, a piece of granite, a common pebble, or even a precious jewel, any metal such as gold or silver, or any like inert and inactive substance, had placed that in the heart of the meal, the meal had remained the same, changing neither to stone nor metal. Neither art nor nature could supply a better simile of the grace of God than this. They know where to cross the stream, they know the best form and attitude to assume in order to attract the friendly attention of the world; they are learned men in their own policies and methods, and if some of them have counterfeited the metal, it was because it was the metal of heaven that it was counterfeited. But the language of Jesus is not to be explained away by such exegetical jugglery. 13:3–23, the parable of the Sower and the soil-types. 30. The fact that a woman took the leaven may not be a vital part of the illustration; but, if so, probably represents the church.SIZE>. The swelling of the dough, and the commotion which goes on in the leavened mass, are owing to the multiplication of the plant-cells, which takes place with astonishing rapidity. These parables do not describe the kingdom in a systematic way, but show us a series of snapshots taken from different perspectives. I. Christ, the Son of God, became man and dwelt among us. ), Christianity an impartation, not an evolution, The kingdom, then, is not an off-shoot from the world, but some sort of an importation into it: not an outgo, but an income. A small amount of "old dough" was kept in a jar as a "starter." (Hugh Macmillan. There may be no significance in this part of the figure, though some find in it a reference to the Church. The word "leaven" is every where else used in a bad sense; and either designs immorality, as malice and wickedness, or false doctrine, such as that of the Pharisees and Sadducees: but here it seems to be taken in a good sense, and the Gospel to be compared unto it; nor for its disagreeable qualities, but on account of its small quantity; it is a little leaven that leavens the whole lump, and may express, as the grain of mustard seed does, the small beginnings of the Gospel, and its meanness in the eyes of men; and on account of its piercing, penetrating, and spreading nature: so the Gospel reaches the conscience, pierces the heart, enlightens the understanding, informs the judgment, raises and sets the affections on right objects, subdues the will, and brings down all towering thoughts, to the obedience of Christ, in particular persons; and has penetrated and made its way, under divine influence, through towns, cities, kingdoms, and nations: also on account of its heating, swelling, and assimilating nature; so the Gospel, where it takes place, warms the affections, causes the heart to burn within, inspires with zeal for God, and Christ, and the Gospel; it swells and fills churches with such as shall be saved, and assimilates the several persons it operates in, makes them like one another, one bread, one body, having like precious faith, knowledge, and experience, though in a different degree. The Kingdom of heaven is like yeast. 1891. Do you suppose that all persons who wear the name of philanthropists are philanthropic in heart? "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". The change begins there; the outward reformation not preparing the way for regeneration, but springing from it, growing out of it as a tree grows out of its seed, or a stream flows out of its spring. Ver. The meaning is somewhat the same as the preceding one but from a different standpoint. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. He condescends to paint two more pictures, a woman hiding leaven in three measures of meal, and a man casting a net into the sea. The Spirit of God is fettered by no analogy, His influence may be signally exerted. Let our prayer be, Lord, “sanctify me through thy truth [Note: John 17:17. The parable of the Yeast Cross reference scripture Luke 13:21 "It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three pecks of flour until it was all leavened." 1871-8. "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". A prophecy.—The promise of the parable has hitherto been realised only in a very imperfect measure; yet we must consider these words, ‘till the whole was leavened,’ as a prophecy of the final complete triumph of the Gospel, that it will diffuse itself through all nations and purify and ennoble all life. We may understand our Lord as describing in this parable either the influence of the Gospel on the world and its final universal manifestation, or the influence and operation of Divine grace on those in whose hearts the Spirit of God has lodged it. to make wholesome and fit for use that which would otherwise be heavy and insalubrious. It would not be with a great outward display but with the quiet moving forwards of God’s purposes through the Holy Spirit. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 36. Both these parables show how thoroughly Jesus was aware that great things grow from minute beginnings. How hidden, we know not; where hidden, we know not; but it is hidden, and, amid all the marvels of its working, is never seen. Matthew 13:33. There are in all Houses of Parliament, all over the world, noble men, high-spirited patriots, incorruptible spirits that devote themselves to the noblest interests of their country; there are others who, perhaps, were never moved by a noble impulse in any direction, and to whom the country is nothing but a gigantic money-producing machine. A woman, in the bad ethical sense, always symbolizes something out of place, religiously, See Scofield "Zechariah 5:6". 1885-95. Many of you are in the time of blossom and of promise, but not of character. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gcc/matthew-13.html. it were three sata of barley. ., 1:594. 33. ζύμῃ. "Whereas the parable of the mustard seed answers the question of whether the phase of the kingdom planted by Jesus would survive, the parable of the leavening process answers how. In context, Jesus has just told the Parable of the Mustard Seed which essentially has the same meaning as this yeast parable. Exodus During the time of Mr Bradford’s imprisonment in the King’s Bench and Counter in the Poultry, he preached twice a day continually, unless sickness hindered him: where also the sacrament was administered. Leaven, it is observed, is of a softening nature; though the meal be crushed down hard, yet if the leaven be hid in it, it will make it soft and mellow. ., p182; Walvoord, Matthew: . Copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library. Behold the piece of leaven that has been plunged into the dead mass of the world. Curiously enough some people deny that Jesus here likens the expanding power of the Kingdom of heaven to leaven, because, they say, leaven is the symbol of corruption. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. The whole series of communications from Eden to Patmos is consistently exhibited as so much importation. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven— The meaning of this parable is commonly thought to be the same as that of the preceding; but there seems to be this difference between them; the parable of the grain of mustard seed represents the smallness of the Gospel in its beginnings, together with its subsequent greatness; whereas the parable of the leaven, which, being hid in a quantity of meal, fermented the whole, expresses in a very lively manner both the nature and strength of the operation of truth upon the mind; for though the doctrines of the Gospel, when first proposed, seemed to be lost in that enormous mass of passions and worldly thoughts with which men's minds were filled; yet did they then, through the Divine Spirit, most eminentlyexert their influence, converting men's thoughts and desires intoa conformity to truth. It is to prepare the meal to be moulded into a loaf and so become the bread for the family. W. Beecher, Christian World Pulpit, vol. American Tract Society. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. As for Matthew 13:33, I believe that "yeast" or "leaven" does not always have to represent "sin," which is merely one type of "leaven." Until the whole was leavened: to be "leavened" by the Gospel, is to be evangelized by it, to be brought into the life and liberty of it, to a Gospel way of living by faith on Christ; to derive all peace, joy, and comfort from him, and not from any works of righteousness; and to have a man's obedience influenced by the love of God, so as to do it cheerfully, and without dependence on it. In general, leaven is something that starts out small or localized and then spreads throughout the medium in which it is contained. But both of these may see their error, if they will duly consider this parable. To find the Trinity here is, of course, quite beside the mark. But then, how is it said that the Kingdom of Heaven is like this leaven? You complain of the unripeness and unmellowness, the superficiality of many a young character, and the incompleteness and imperfectness of many a young career. See reff. Matthew 13:33 33 He told them another parable. The same is true of the symbol of the "woman", see below. It is not one shower that makes the summer, it is shower upon shower, baptism following baptism in gracious intermission and yet in gracious persistency. It would not so much be with the earthquake, as with the still small voice (1 Kings 19:12). b “ The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in c three measures of flour , till it was d all leavened .” You remember your being converted, turned round, set in a homeward direction, taken from the wrong road, and placed in the right one: without cant or whine or mocking pretence, you are not ashamed to say that you were converted. It does seem bold and startling that Christ, in this parable, would reverse the usual meaning of leaven and make it something good, holy, and desirable; but another example of the same reversal is seen in the fact that Christ is "a lion" (Revelation 5:5), and so is the devil (1 Peter 5:8)! E. Mellor, The Hem of Christ's Garment, p. 152. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". I. The parable indicates that the influence is internal and noiseless, not dependent upon external organization so much as upon quiet personal agency and example, since the leaven transforms the dough lying next, until it is ‘all leavened.’ The last clause is not to be interpreted absolutely, since an evil development is set forth in the second and seventh parables, and hinted at in the third. (M. Dods, D. D.). Here the Kingdom is the yeast. This influence sheds itself off in a thousand ways too subtle to be resisted, and in forms so fine as to insinuate themselves where words would find no entrance. Gradual in its operation.—The ‘whole lump’ will be leavened, but it takes time. This denotes that the mysterious element which possesses such penetrative powers is for a time concealed from sight. We know that we love God, because we love the brethren Not as though we were already perfect. in Ruth ii. σάτον, סְאָה (Aram. The descendants of the three sons of Noah, or the Jew, the Greek, the Barbarian, as representing the whole race of mankind, or body, soul, and spirit, as the three parts of man’s nature, which the new truth is to permeate and purify, are all in this sense equally legitimate applications. Let me try to reveal the kingdom of heaven today under two aspects. 1874-1909. How long will it continue to assert itself? xxiv., p. 227. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". But this effect again is not to be traced in the establishment or history of so-called Churches, but in the hidden advancement, without observation, of that deep leavening power which works irrespective of human forms and systems. He acknowledges that he would, but the cities would not. You cannot tell how you were educated: there is no specific day in our human life upon which we can say we were then educated, in any complete or final sense of the term. ; Revelation 2:20; Revelation 17:1-6. 1 Corinthians 5:6-8. On account of this mysterious property, our Lord compared the Gospel to the wind, which, though manifest enough in its effects, is in many respects inexplicable [Note: John 3:8.]. The kingdom of heaven is not only penetrating and gradual, it is silent in its ministry.

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