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othello act 4, scene 2 summary

© 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Act 4 Scene 2. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Jealousy. After dinner, Othello suggests a walk with Lodovico and orders Desdemona to get ready for bed. Here Iago shows that he is both willing and able to manipulate everyone, including his own wife, to the end. @'tis not very well. To a certain extent, Othello is indeed mad, so wrapped up in his obsession that he can hardly consider other things. Iago arrives with Desdemona as planned earlier and they wait to receive Othello from the sea. Exhausted, Desdemona knows that she is being punished, but she does not know what for. Iago puts his machinations into action by persuading Roderigo that Desdemona and Cassio are in love, and that Roderigo should help get Cassio dismissed from his position as lieutenant. Cassio greets them all, especially praising Desdemona; somehow, Iago and Desdemona enter into an argument about what … The wedding sheets are then hung out on the balcony, to show to all that the bride had been a virgin. He promises to meet her there soon, and demands that she send Emilia away. This perception of Roderigo's that he may have been taken for a fool is the understatement of the play. EMILIA: Nor ever heard, nor ever did suspect. Iago is keen to hear how Othello has spoken to Desdemona but is disconcerted when she starts to weep: "Do not weep, do not weep: alas the day!" Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Iago witnesses their harmony and secretly thinks of the discord which he wants to put between them. (including. Despite naively playing into Iago's hands earlier by giving him the handkerchief, Emilia shows her earnest loyalty to Desdemona. Iago then meets … Enter Desdemona. Othello: Act 4, scene 2 Summary & Analysis New! Othello tries to force admission from Emilia that Desdemona and Cassio are lovers, but Emilia is steadfast in her denials, saying that her mistress is pure and chaste. Chapter Summary for William Shakespeare's Othello, act 5 scene 2 summary. William Shakespeare's Othello explained with play and scene summaries in just a few minutes! He holds tightly to the idea that she has betrayed him, because by now he has built this idea into his view of himself. He has already judged and condemned her, but he is still hunting evidence, seeking to justify to himself the stand he has already taken. She tells Emilia she is "half asleep," either as a convenient lie to keep her privacy or as an expression of emotional exhaustion. Emilia tells him that he's crazy—she has observed Cassio and Desdemona every minute they were together, and nothing remotely suspicious has happened. Roderigo appears, demanding Iago's attention for a previous scheme that suddenly threatens to unwind. This page contains the original text of Othello, Act 4, Scene 2: Enter OTHELLO and EMILIA. If God had decided to give me some affliction, if he had put all kinds of shameful sores on my bare head, had made me extremely poor, and made me a prisoner with no hope, I would have found a way to endure it. Othello questions Emilia about Desdemona and Emilia defends her saying ‘For if she be not honest, chaste and true there’s no man happy’. and any corresponding bookmarks? Othello | Act 4, Scene 2 | Summary Share. Othello treats Desdemona as though she were a whore. Summary and Analysis Act II: Scene 2 Summary The herald reads a proclamation declaring a night of general festivities to celebrate both the destruction of the Turkish fleet and Othello's recent marriage. Although she is completely correct, Emilia does not identify the "wretch" until too late. Emilia defends Desdemona, saying that she is the purest wife one could ask for. Instant downloads of all 1379 LitChart PDFs A messenger enters, and confirms that the Turkish fleet was broken apart by the storm, and that Cassio has arrived, though Othello is still at sea. Othello Act 4, Scene 3. Now that Othello suspects that Desdemona's virtue is just a cover for whore-like behavior, her denials of his accusation just makes him more certain of its truth. Othello tells Emilia to summon Desdemona, implying while Emilia is gone that she is a “bawd,” or female pimp (IV.ii. In vain, Iago tries to keep her quiet. Othello Act 4, Scene 1. These sheets would be of the finest cloth, hand-embroidered by the bride herself, and would have taken a considerable time to make. 21). Act 3, Scene 4. Read Act 4, Scene 2 of Shakespeare's Othello, side-by-side with a translation into Modern English. Themes and Colors Key. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. Scene 2. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. Then, he sends for Desdemona and tries to force a confession of infidelity from her, not using Cassio’s name. Emilia and Iago meet her too and Emilia discusses the ways which could have poisoned Othello’s mind. Othello is now reduced to questioning his wife's maid, Emilia, looking for evidence of Desdemona's infidelity. Summary. Summary Act 4 SCENE 1 Having told Othello that he knows for a fact that Cassio is in possession of Desdemona’s handkerchief, Iago makes light of the situation, arguing that once ownership of the handkerchief changes hands from Othello to Desdemona that Othello should be content to let the fate of the handkerchief lie entirely to Desdemona’s discretion. Read our modern English translation of this scene. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Scene 2. Act 4, Scene 2. Iago reassures Roderigo that he hates Othello. Summary. being … heaven (36) looking like an angel. She's sure that Desdemona is honest, if ever there were an honest woman. Understand every line of Othello. They completely demystify Shakespeare. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Exit Othello. We open with Othello grilling Emilia, trying to get her to confess that Desdemona and Cassio are having an affair. Summary ; Act 4 Scene 3; Study Guide. Iago makes a bold move, linking his two plots together: He urges Roderigo to kill Cassio, explaining that Cassio's death will prevent Othello being sent elsewhere and, therefore, keep Desdemona in Cyprus. Summary. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. In this short scene, Othello sends a herald to announce that there will be a celebration to mark the destruction of the Turkish fleet as well as Othello's recent marriage. For the audience at this point, there is the madly delightful prospect that Iago could be brought down by Roderigo, his own dupe. Summary. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Othello Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Previous Next . Once he has convinced Roderigo to stay, he then weaves him even more fully into his plots. This revelation is too much for Othello, who becomes incohere Scene 1 Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# These accusations are exaggerated, even for Othello, since he believes she has had an affair with Cassio, but in his fevered mind, and in that of many of Shakespeare's characters, there is no difference between an occasional adulterer and a full-time street prostitute. Othello, nearly insane with jealousy, aggressively questions Emilia about Desdemona and Cassio's relationship. Desdemona declares she is his "true and loyal wife" (35) and drags out of him the accusations that she is "false as hell" (40), a "whore" (74), and a "public commoner" (75), that is, prostitute. . They spot a ship coming forth; but Iago, Desdemona, and Emilia are on it, not Othello. A terrible storm has struck Cyprus, just as the Turks were about to approach. Summary ; Act 4 Scene 1; Study Guide. Iago is playing mind games with Othello as usual, forcing him to imagine Desdemona and Cassio in bed together. By putting the wedding sheets on the bed, Desdemona is symbolically trying to renew and strengthen the marriage and remind Othello that he too has duties of love. Iago, who has pocketed Roderigo's money and jewels for himself, must now move quickly to protect his acquisitions and to prevent Roderigo speaking directly to Desdemona and revealing Iago's illegitimate activities. In spite of Iagos service in battle and the recom… Summary: Act II, scene ii. In vain, Desdemona tries to deflect his questions about the handkerchief, speaking again of Cassio. Othello has trouble reconciling his wife’s delicacy, class, beauty, and allure with her adulterous actions. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Having made the accusation and been denied, he reacts with anger rather than reassessment. Iago calls Cassio in, while Othello hides; Iago speaks to Cassio of Bianca, but Othello, in his disturbed state, believes that Ca… Othello questions Emilia about Desdemona, but she assures him that nothing immodest has taken place between her mistress and Cassio. OTHELLO: You have seen nothing then? In some Mediterranean cultures, after the marriage ceremony, the couple retire to the bedroom and consummate the marriage. Our summary works through Act 2 scene-by-scene to guide you through the complex plot that drives Shakespeare’s Othello. In a seaport in Cyprus, Montano and few gentlemen are wondering about the strong wind which just blew through the sea and how it must’ve dispersed the Turkish fleet. But, alas, to make me a laughing-stock forever, and an object of scorn! Womanhood and Sexuality. Desdemona sends for Cassio to tell him that she has spoken with Othello; she is also worried that she has lost her handkerchief. Othello doubts her truthfulness. Summary ; Act 3 Scene 4; Study Guide. Othello goes on to lament his hardheartedness and love for Desdemona, but Iago reminds him of his purpose. Nay, I think it is very scurvy, and begin to find myself fopp'd in it" (191-193). Need help with Act 4, scene 3 in William Shakespeare's Othello? Desdemona is traumatized by Othello's treatment of her, and Emilia is outraged. A herald announces that Othello plans revelry for the evening in celebration of Cyprus’s safety from the Turks, and also in celebration of his marriage to Desdemona. The quick flash of emotion in this exchange provides a variation and therefore a relief from the steadily mounting tension of Othello's thoughts and action. Emilia invites conversation, but her mistress, near to weeping but unable to do it, can only think of one course of action, the wedding sheets. Desdemona is sleeping on a bed. Act 4, Scene 1. Othello, instead of reconsidering his accusations, is even more bitter about Desdemona, judging her to be so deceptive that she can sin and pray and convince everyone, even her maid, of her innocence. They express their common regard for Othello who is the acting Governor of Cyprus and currently in the stormy sea, facing it bravely. She wants the clown to make it clear that she's been good to her word about asking Othello for Cassio's reinstatement. Appearance vs. . Desdemona's reaction to the confrontation is the opposite. Othello, rather than abandon his suspicions, believes Desdemona is so cunning that she has managed to deceive even her maid. Jealousy feeds on itself. Summary. However, Iago joins his two plots, enrolling Roderigo in the plan to kill Cassio, and Roderigo's rebellion fades away. Othello questions Emilia about Desdemona, but she assures him that nothing immodest has taken place between her mistress and Cassio. By William Shakespeare. Othello begins on a street in Venice, in the midst of an argument between Roderigo and Iago. Desdemona enters and he presses upon her further the accusations which are there in his mind. Emilia herself exhibits some—but not enough—perceptiveness about the entire situation. They all come under the heading of "false" women. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. Act 4, scene 2. Othello Act 3, Scene 4. Prejudice. Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in. Othello tries to get evidence of Desdemona's guilt from Emilia. Emilia suspects that some villain has turned Othello against his wife and stirred up his jealousy. Desdemona immediately and completely denies the accusation, and her husband speaks scornfully and bitterly, throws money at her, as if she were a prostitute, and goes out. -Graham S. But Iago manages to maintain control of the situation by once again playing on Roderigo's jealous desire for Desdemona. Need help with Act 1, scene 2 in William Shakespeare's Othello? Previous Next . In Othello's interview alone with Desdemona, Shakespeare balances hope and dread, ensuring emotional involvement. Othello meets Emilia and asks her regarding Cassio and Desdemona to which Emilia reacts with the truth that she has never noticed any such activities between them. The rich Roderigo has been paying Iago to help him in his suit to Desdemona, but he has seen no progress, and he has just learned that Desdemona has married Othello, a general whom Iago serves as ensign. Othello is trying, even after swearing that Desdemona was unfaithful, not to condemn her too harshly. He calls her whore and a faithless wench. Othello thinks of killing her finally so that she doesn’t trap more men. Reality. When Desdemona asks Iago's advice, he says that it is only the business of the state that makes Othello angry. Othello Act 4, Scene 2 Seminar Plot Summary Elements of Tragic Hero Syllabus Theme of Jealousy RODERIGO CHARACTERIZATION Internal Conflict Tragic Flaw She says enough, yet she’s a simple bawd That cannot say as much. Teachers and parents! He suggests that he will poison his wife, but Iago advises him to strangle her in the bed that she contaminated through her infidelity. Re-enter Emilia with Iago. Summary and Analysis. By William Shakespeare. Removing #book# Othello speaks with Desdemona in private, threatening to banish her and calling her "whore" and "strumpet" — charges that she immediately denies. (126). So wedding sheets have both intimate and public connotations of things being done according to correct procedure. bookmarked pages associated with this title. Emilia is developing her theory about the person who is corrupting Othello's mind. Summary In a conversation with Othello, Iago says that Cassio has confessed to sex with Desdemona. Emilia assures Othello that Desdemona is faithful and adds her own opinion: She speaks for the first time her theory that some villain is telling Othello lies to turn him against Desdemona. Othello Act 4 Summary and Analysis by Shakespeare - In a street of Cyprus, Iago shows Roderigo the position from where he can kill Cassio. Scene 1 : The arrival at Cyprus SUMMARY: Everyone arrives at Cyprus after the Turkish fleet is defeated. He knows that she will soon be murdered by her husband, and this grief, which she suffers and weeps over now, is small trouble in comparison. Roderigo allows himself to be persuaded. from your Reading List will also remove any Desdemona chats with the clown and asks him to bring a message to Cassio that he should come visit her. Perhaps, like many men, he construes a weeping woman as a potential emotional manipulator, and Iago instinctively guards himself against any pull toward pity or mercy. OTHELLO: Yes, you have seen Cassio and she together. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, “Every teacher of literature should use these translations. Enter Iago and Othello. The Turkish attack may have been quelled, but it also bodes badly for Othello's ship. Summary: Act IV, scene ii Othello interrogates Emilia about Desdemona’s behavior, but Emilia insists that Desdemona has done nothing suspicious. When Emilia returns with Desdemona, Othello sends Emilia to guard the door. This is not a satisfactory frame of mind for an investigator, and it is certainly not an acceptable frame of mind for a military commander responsible for law and order in a colony. Scene 2 consists only of a herald making an announcement that Othello is throwing a party in celebration of the victory over the Turks as well as his recent marriage. Scene 2 opens with Othello interrogating Emilia about Desdemona and Cassio. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. Later, in a conversation with Iago, Roderigo confesses that he has had enough of his romantic quest and plans to withdraw. She calls him "some eternal villain, / Some busy and insinuating rogue, / Some cogging, cozening slave" (132-134), and Iago must stand and hear himself described in these uncomplimentary terms. Emilia comes in, and Othello leaves. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Othello falls into a trance of rage, and Iago decides to hammer home his false ideas about his wife. Iago repeatedly replies "very well," which finally inflames the heretofore excessively patient Roderigo to an outburst of petulant rebellion: " . Students love them!”. Detailed Summary of Othello, Act 4, Scene 2 Page Index: Enter Othello and Emilia. In some ways, she really believes her husband is an honest man, although her opinion of men in general is not high. Find a summary of this and each chapter of Othello! In response to an abusive husband, he suggests: "Beshrew him for it!" Desdemona asks Iago to convince him into the right path of thinkin… Read a translation of Act II, scene ii → Analysis: Act II, scenes i–ii. By paying Emilia, Othello is implying that Desdemona is a whore whose time costs money. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Next. Manhood and Honor. By William Shakespeare. Wedding sheets are one of the major items in a well brought-up young woman's set of household linen that she brings to her marriage. Share. Act 4, scene 3. From now on, she develops this theory every time she thinks about it. When Othello enters, he claims a headache and asks her for a handkerchief to bind his head, but he will have only the embroidered strawberry handkerchief. Click to copy Summary. Act 2 Scene 1 Montano the Governor of Cyprus and two gentlemen discuss the tempestuous weather which has defeated most of the Turkish fleet. For the first time, Roderigo asserts a free will, and wants to do something that would not benefit Iago. This is a subtle whore, A closet, lock and key, of villainous Emilia vehemently denies any wrongdoing, but Othello doesn't believe her. Act 4, Scene 3. Act IV, Scene 2 . (130), that is, nag him. Act IV: Scene 2. Chief among Iagos reasons for this hatred is Othellos recent promotion of Michael Cassio to the post of lieutenant. All rights reserved. Previous Next . LitCharts Teacher Editions. OTHELLO. Othello, rather than abandon his suspicions, believes Desdemona is so cunning that she has managed to … However, he wants to get back his jewels that he had given to Iago for Desdemona (an unsuccessful courtship gift was traditionally returned to the suitor). Struggling with distance learning? Roderigo regrets the situation that he has gotten himself in, and he wishes to withdraw. He is talking with Iago about the handkerchief still, and its significance in being found; but, soon, Iago whips Othello into an even greater fury through mere insinuation, and Othello takes the bait. He then questions Desdemona herself, calling her ‘Impudent strumpet!’ and ‘cunning whore of Venice’, but does …

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