Too much direct sunlight may cause leaf burn. They grow to a height of about 3 to 6 feet. An ostrich fern in dry soil will be unable to cope with direct sun and will suffer from scorched leaves. She has filled her woodland garden in snowy Stowe, Vermont, with a tapestry of different types of hardy ferns that fill her zone 3 shade garden with grace and texture. Nearly all ferns grow best in moist but well-drained soil, though some will thrive in dry shade. In indoor cultivation, staghorn ferns are typically grown mounted on wooden boards, wire baskets, or on other supports that provide the essential perfect drainage. Follow this types of ferns board!. They tend to be of a medium-size, which makes them suitable for planting in most gardens, and they are exceptionally tough for ferns. Types of Ferns to Grow Outdoors. The ferns spread by underground stems to form swaths in garden beds. Let us know in the comments, and please share this page with others who may be interested! Also known as crispy wave fern, plants that receive more light produce crinkled fronds resembling seaweed, while those growing in full shade have flat fronds more like proper leaves. Ferns are among the oldest types of plants in the world. It is highly preferred to use in shaded landscapes and flower beds to give a beautiful look to the garden. Its stems are a deep purple-black, standing out nicely against the delicate green foliage. They are one of the most popular types of plants for shady areas because they thrive in low light and give much needed green and life to the dark and dull corners of gardens and houses.. Sunlight Requirement: Bright indirect sun. It gets its name owing to its straight soft feathery fronds that resemble ostrich tail feathers. There are a number of outdoor ferns to choose from with the following being the most common: The rabbit foot fern is a native of Fiji. Though they like moist soil, they typically don’t like wet soil (though there are some exceptions to this). In fact, these ferns are so tall that they can reach heights of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). These ferns reach heights of 5 or 6 feet and feature two different colored fronds. Brake Fern adapts well to average indoor conditions, earning it another common name: Table Fern or Ribbon fern. These moisture-loving ferns are native to the United States, found everywhere eastwards from the Mississippi River. The plant is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 9, making it suitable for growth in a wide range of climates. Ferns are versatile, and there are many types to grow to suit your garden. It requires warm conditions, only being hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11 when kept outside. Australian Tree Fern. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 8. This compact and neat looking plant is also called fishbone fern. It grows well in zones 3 – 7. The large blue-green fronds are tough enough to hold their shape and divide into multiple fingers to form a star-like shape. Outdoor ferns prefer partially shaded areas of the garden, while indoor ferns like as much light as possible as long as it's not directly sunlight. This plant also works well as a groundcover or in containers. It has dark green leathery fronds ( by 6-7 inches) and long spreading hairy rhizomes. Types of wood ferns ideal for outdoor growing include the autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora), crested buckler-fern (Dryopteris cristata), leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis), and marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis). Ostrich ferns like moist soil and shade. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. The name comes from the leathery small compact round button like leaves, attached to a long curvy stem that turns dark red as the plant matures. This makes it ideal for use as a houseplant, as temperatures in homes tend to be perfect for this plant. The bird's nest fern (Asplenium nidus) is one of the most attractive plants in this group and requires little special care when given the correct environment. Saved from s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Commonly growing in swampy areas, it can survive in various soil types including lime soil, and tolerate some direct sunlight, though then it cannot attain its maximum height. Quite cold-hardy, it can tolerate temperatures down to -30°F. In fact there are so many different types that collecting them can become addictive. Suitable for: Borders, hedges, mass planting. Mature leaves have long dark brown marks – the sori containing the spores. Scientific name: Polystichum polyblepharum, Sunlight Requirement: Full shade or filtered sun, Suitable for: Evergreen hedges, borders, shade gardens, underplanting for ornamental trees like Japanese weeping maple. These delicate-looking ferns feature lots of small leaflets on compound leaves. Always ensure your ferns are growing in well-draining soil to allow excess water to drain away from the plant's roots. Java fern has several variants, which have different leaf shapes such as “trident”, “lance”, and “needle”. Problems With Outdoor Ferns. Depending on the type of species, ferns can live up to 100 years. The foliage of the plant is not what you might expect from a fern. Produces delicate arching fronds that hang gracefully, resembling carrot greens. The plant likes its soil to be kept consistently moist, but it does not like to be in soggy soil. It needs regular watering to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. Container grown outdoor ferns can be fertilized in spring, and again in midsummer if they look pale and unhealthy. This fern has a vigorous vertical habit, growing upright to heights of up to 24 inches and 3 feet in width. The biggest difference is that the Birds Nest fern is tropical, and therefore not winter hardy, while the Harts Tongue fern is evergreen and hardy down to zone 6. Hardy fern varieties are well suited to outdoor growing, and you have more than 500 varieties to choose from. Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sun or full shade, Suitable for: Groundcover, underplanting for flowers and ornamental bushes, outdoor large hanging planters. Try Prime. (You will end up with free plants!) Scientific name: Polystichum acrostichoides. Ferns are the staple of many shade gardens. See more ideas about Types of ferns, Ferns, Plants. Whether they add depth and dark green accents to your garden, spruce up a terrarium, or just remind you of scenes from Jurassic Park, ferns are truly remarkable plants. It is sensitive to fertilizer, and a feed that is too highly concentrated will kill the plant. There are evergreen and deciduous types (which lose their leaves in winter), ferns for damp soils or for dry soils such as those found under trees. They are one of the most popular types of plants used for shaded areas, as they thrive in low light conditions, bringing much-needed greenery and life to dark and dull corners of both gardens and homes. Plant it in a position of partial shade, where it can receive a few hours of the morning sun and then be protected from sunlight during the hottest part of the day. These ferns make great houseplants, but if you don't want to worry about watering something regularly, the Silk Tree Warehouse Artificial Boston Fern is a great alternative. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. During the day they like temperatures between 70 and 75 F. (21-24 C.), and slightly cooler temperatures at night. Ferns are proven to be one of the oldest existence around for over 350 million years. Although they’re found all over the globe, they’re usually found in four particular habitats such as moist, shady forests, crevices in rock faces that face away from the sun, acid wetlands, and tropical trees. It is suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8 and can survive periods of drought once established. As suggested by the name, it is one of the large tree fern types growing 2-4 m (up to 14 feet) tall. E.g. Evergreen in frost-free regions, but can grow as deciduous in colder areas. It is deciduous, so its leaves will drop in the fall, which could leave quite a vast gap in your outdoor area. Suitable for: Decks and porches and covered patios. It won’t immediately wilt if you are forgetful and miss watering it for a day or two. Ferns are, after all, the epitome of elegance and simplicity. Not exactly a houseplant as it is popular as an aquarium plant, there are various leaf shapes available, like ‘lance’, ‘needle’, and ‘trident’. Most prefer rich, humus-filled soil so make sure to mix compost into planting holes and cover them annually with 2 inches of organic mulch. One of the best ferns for containers, native to North America, it’s known for its unique light green foliage. Outdoor ferns are cultivated outside the house, such as in garden premises. Learn more about the beautiful ferns native to Pennsylvania that are offered by Keystone Wildflowers. Home > Gardening > 50+ Types of Ferns (Indoor and Outdoor Species of Ferns) By definition, a fern is a vascular, flowerless plant with leafy fronds that produce spores for reproduction. This plant has a very unusual look for a fern, which is typically green. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. With their feather-like foliage and lush growth even in shady places, ferns are striking additions to a garden or home. Has inspired a number of cultivars and varieties, with ‘brilliance’ being a popular one. There are thousands of types of ferns, growing in all types of environments, from desserts to rain forests. There are many types of ferns. Plant your holly fern in partial to full shade. They are native to woodland areas where the soil is humus-rich and sometimes boggy, protected from the sun by an overhead canopy of larger plants and trees. Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. As with most ferns, this plant enjoys high humidity, so mist it daily or use a pebble tray, or grow it in a naturally humid room such as a bathroom. The long curvy ‘leaves’ look nice when floating in tank water. it can be situated in the shade. The fronds have a glossy, leathery texture and can be smooth or have notches around the edge. Often considered the most majestic of all outdoor ferns, this variety gets its name from the long feather-like appearance of its fronds that resemble an ostrich’s tail feathers. Often grows well in moist areas in the house like in the corner of a bathroom. Knowing how to care properly for outdoor ferns during the winter months can keep them healthy throughout the year, whether kept in a pot or planted in a garden. ‘Kangaroo paw’ refers to the long fronds of the fern, which resemble the oversized feet of the kangaroo. Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight to full shade (15-25°C (55-80°F). Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. If they get enough water, established plants can survive in full sun. Can grow half or fully submerged in water, and has a slow growth rate. Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. Types of lady ferns include the following. These unique ferns are often looked upon as living art rather than as houseplants. It is an evergreen variety of ferns and is a lot easy to care for this plant making it a good choice for beginners. Jan 15, 2020 - list of different fern types & varieties with name & image, large, small fern plants that grow outdoor/indoor as potted houseplant, what types can take full sun Many of them are natives, well adjusted to the growing conditions of various Southern regions. Many spread or naturalize through creeping rhizomes, covering a larger area over time. To grow these plants in your garden, you’ll need to recreate the natural environment where these ferns grow natively, which namely involves ensuring your soil is high in rich organic matter. They aren’t well suited to a spot on a sunny windowsill; instead, keep them out of direct light by placing them on a table in a bright room. They are varying shades of green and rely on constantly moist soil and high humidity to survive. It is a native of north-eastern Australia. It is easy to take care of as long as you plant it in well-drained fertile soil, allow any excess water to pass through the soil. It is important that you choose your fern based on two things: the climate in your area and the type of landscape (shaded or sunny). Ferns are versatile, and there are many types to grow to suit your garden. Types of Ferns. Bird's-Nest Fern Are Bird's Nest Ferns Inside or Outside Plants? Produces copper or brown fertile flower spikes. The Crocodile Fern, sometimes known as an alligator fern a Crocodylus fern or a crocodile plant, is a fern native to Australia with a slightly unusual texture on its leathery crinkled fronds that resembles a crocodile’s skin. Birds Nest and Harts Tongue Ferns – We included two types of ferns here because both these ferns are very similar in appearance. Most varieties of Athryium ferns thrive in damp, shady borders where their delicate fronds form a lush, mounding groundcover. Suitable for: Hanging planters; good for groundcover when growing outdoors. The plant can tolerate some sunlight and frost. Err on the side of caution and always heavily dilute the fertilizer, or if in doubt, forego fertilizer entirely. After gathering some inspiration for the shade garden I’m planning to create this year, I … It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9 and has an expected size of 2 feet high and 2 feet wide. Home > Gardening > 50+ Types of Ferns (Indoor and Outdoor Species of Ferns) By definition, a fern is a vascular, flowerless plant with leafy fronds that produce spores for reproduction. This plant has long dark green-white leaves. Suitable for: Outdoor decks, porches anywhere where the furry rhizomes will be visible. Reasonably easy to take care of as long as you make sure not to overwater, as it is susceptible to root rot. Ferns are, after all, the epitome of elegance and simplicity. It can also tolerate some direct sunlight when the soil is kept wet. Place this artificial fern inside an existing hanging pot, or arrange it on a TV stand to bring the outdoors inside. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. ... Today, Boston fern is still a top pick for indoor and outdoor settings. Nearly all ferns grow best in moist but well-drained soil, though some will thrive in dry shade. Height/Width: about 30 inches; around 1 foot, Sunlight Requirement: Bright indirect sunlight, Suitable for: Great potting plant for any room, or even the porch (as long as it gets enough humidity). There are many ferns to choose from. If you love the look of ferns but aren’t sure if you can handle how particular these plants are about their growing conditions, then wood ferns might be a good choice for you as they are much more adaptable than most other types of ferns. Sunlight Requirement: Partial sun to full shade, Suitable for: Groundcover, hedges, poolside planting, container planting. There are many varieties of fern that fall into the category of lady fern, somewhere in excess of 160 different species. It also has shorter fronds, just about 12-20 inches high that grow later, and they have spores that are responsible … From tiny specimens grown in walls to the royal fern at six feet tall, there’s room for ferns in every sized garden. Skip to main content.us. A fondness for ferns. Several cultivars of this fern variety exist, including ‘Japonicum,’ which produces new growth that is tinged with pink and ‘Miss Sharples,’ which has new growth in a pale yellow-green shade. This fern is wider than it is tall, making it a useful ground cover under trees. If you do plant the cinnamon fern in a well-lit spot, you can expect that it won’t reach its full height. Originating in Canada and the US, this fern is the tallest and most majestic of all outdoor ferns. 46. Never try to cover these growths with soil as that will lead to root rot. Boston Fern Ferns are virtually disease- and insect-free plants but may suffer an attack from time to time. Keystone Wildflowers. This family of ferns do not produce flowers or seeds, but reproduce through spores and are prized for their fronds, which delicately unfurl to reveal unusual and attractive plants. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Water the plant when the top of the soil is dry to the touch, but never allow the whole pot to dry out. In fact, these ferns are so tall that they can reach heights of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). Holly Ferns: This variety has three to four inch dark green leaves that resemble those on holly bushes and are heat, light and water tolerant. Unless you have a lot of ground to cover, avoid aggressive ferns such as ostrich ferns (Matteuccia struthiopteris) and sensitive ferns (Onoclea sensibilis). You can give them a daily mist spray, put … This fern type can easily be grown in medium to wet soils in part shade to full shade. Oct 13, 2020 - Ferns are a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers. There are several varieties of maidenhair ferns, including the houseplant Adiantum raddianum, but the following varieties are suitable for growing outdoors. Mar 4, 2013 - Explore Teresa Katz's board "Types of ferns" on Pinterest. Another Australian native, this tropical fern, has mid-green leaves with dark green veining with an unusual texture that is said to resemble crocodile skin. The rabbit’s foot fern plant gets its name from the furry rhizomes that grow on top of the soil and resemble a rabbit’s foot. Compared to indoor ferns, they require less attention to proper development. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8 and is considerably more drought-tolerant than most ferns. Early Black Friday deals. Scientific name: Nephrolepis cordifolia “Duffii”, Suitable for: Hanging planters, ornamental houseplant. Grows best in moist, lightly shaded areas with good air circulation. Australian Tree Fern. A delicate fern with attractive dark green fronds that work well for soft water aquariums, the African water fern is also easy to take care of once established. Ferns amazing foliage variety, forms and delicacy of pattern makes them popular for growing ferns as houseplants at … Appointment only. It won’t necessarily thrive in drier situations, but it also won’t die off rapidly. In all climates, they need protection from afternoon sun to prevent drying and leaf scorch. Try to keep its soil consistently moist, but be sure it does get soggy. Plant ferns in part to full shade and rich, well-drained soil. Automatically adds a natural wild charm to any shaded soggy area in your garden. As the name suggests, the fronds of this variety resemble the antlers of a stag. Natural potting soil gives good results. Best Ferns for Gardens and Landscaping. It has decorative fronds that grow in clods that look like tail feathers of an ostrich, but they are sterile. Ideal for: Aquarium planting as background or foreground. Types Of Fern Plants. This fern is very delicate in appearance despite its hardiness. These ferns are epiphytes, which means that they do not grow rooted in soil. It grows to around 3 feet in height, with a similar width and does well in either full shade or partial shade. The large, green fronds around the outside of the plant are sterile, while the cinnamon-colored fronds that grow from the middle of the plant are fertile and plume-like. This plant is not known to be toxic, but still, the best practice is always to keep houseplants out of reach of small children and pets. In the center of the plant grow orange-brown upright fronds resembling plumes, which are laced with spores and reach lengths of 3 feet. 8. Instead, they grow on other plants or trees in their native habitats. With leaves that resemble the tail of an ostrich, these ferns are also one of the prettiest. This plant likes very warm climates, and so for most people, it is suitable only to be grown as a houseplant. The plant will scorch easily in direct light, so keep it away from window sills, and instead position it in indirect light or partial shade. Evergreen in warmer climates with consistently moist soil. It grows nicely in well-drained moist soil, but can survive in dry conditions also, though might not grow as well. Indoors, position the staghorn fern in a spot that gets plenty of bright but indirect light, while if kept outdoors. Some ferns are hardy, meaning they can tolerate outdoor conditions in colder or more temperate climates. Ensure it is planted in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to pass through the soil and out of the pot’s drainage holes. Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. The vibrant greens of ferns sing out on woodlands floors, but it can often be difficult to distinguish one species from another – learn how to identify some of the UK's most common fern species and the best places to plant. Height/Width: up to 3 feet; approx 2 feet, Sunlight Requirement: Medum- Low sunlight. Scientific name: Cyathea cooperi. It also requires soil rich in organic matter. Low-maintenance and tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, ferns complement any shade plant combination. The plant has a compact form, with rosettes of glossy dark green fronds, not growing out of control easily. Plants need constantly moist yet well-drained soil to thrive, but can survive in less than perfect conditions, maintaining its green and vigorous foliage for a considerable time. They typically like to grow in moist conditions with high humidity, and these are two areas that some people struggle with, especially those who like to have plants they can occasionally water but otherwise forget about. This plant is similar in looks to the American maidenhair fern but grows to about twice the height, standing at 30 inches tall. Types of wood ferns ideal for outdoor growing include the autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora), crested buckler-fern (Dryopteris cristata), leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis), and marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis). Slow release fertilizer for garden ferns should only be done annually in the spring. Therefore, a well-draining soil should help resolve any overwatering issues. Sunlight Requirement: Partial to full shade, USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11 (for growing outdoor), Suitable for: Groundcover in shaded areas in your garden. With a few hours of morning sun each day, this plant will be able to best showcase its pink stems and purple veins. Another evergreen variety with graceful, arching fronds that alone grow over a foot in length. Your email address will not be published. Whether they add depth and dark green accents to your garden, spruce up a terrarium, or just remind you of scenes from Jurassic Park, ferns are truly remarkable plants. 18 Different Types of Indoor and Outdoor Ferns with Pictures, Kangaroo Paw Fern (Microsorum diversifolium), Crocodile Fern (Microsorium musifolium ‘Crocydyllus’), American Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum), Northern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum aleuticum), Southern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum capillus-venerus), Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum pictum), Tatting Fern (Athyrium filix-femina 'Frizelliae'), Lady in Red Fern (Athyrium filix-femina 'Lady in Red'), Silver Falls Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum 'Silver Falls'), Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis), Crested Buckler Fern (Dryopteris dilitata 'Cristata'), Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 10 Super Easy Types of Echeveria That You'll Love, 7 Best Bathroom Plants For the High Humidity Environment, Terrarium Plants - 17+ Plants to Grow in Your Terrarium. Some ferns bear feminine names, such as the maidenhair fern. The Boston Fern is one of the best types of ferns you can have for hanging baskets, and it’s immensely popular for indoor and outdoor growth due to the easier growing requirements. They can thrive well in low light indoor conditions, bringing much-needed greenery to the dull corners of your house and garden even in winters. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. There are a number of outdoor ferns to choose from with the following being the most common: Southern maidenhair fern – Southern maidenhair fern is a hardy spreading plant that will survive in a wider range of soil conditions, including rocks and acidic soils. All ferns spread easily from underground rhizomes, so expect one fern plant to spawn many more. Different Types of Outdoor Ferns 1. Scientific name: Microsorum diversifolium, Height/Width: 1-1.5 feet; up to 3 feet (or wider if growing outdoor), Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sun/partial shade. Like other perennial plants, you can divide ferns in spring or fall. This large fern stands at a mature size of 6 feet wide and 3 feet tall, occupying a substantial amount of space in the home garden. Just ask Lyndall Heyer. It grows well in regular moist soil and can thrive in a relatively salty soil near the seaside climate areas too. Staghorn ferns are most commonly grown mounted on wood in the style of antlers, as the unusual foliage bears a resemblance to those of the staghorn. Here are five types to consider: Christmas Fern. The hard fern (Blechnum spicant) and the shuttlecock fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris), are invaluable shade plants. Sunlight Requirement: Shaded and Indirect Sunlight. Sunlight Requirement: Partial shade (early morning and evening sun), Suitable for: Planting medium for orchids and other similar flowers, groundcover, garden borders. Suitable for: Ground cover, hedges, and mass planting for summer gardens as it sheds its leaves in winter. This board is dedicated to all the different varieties in types of fern. You will need to maintain evenly moist soil to keep this plant happy. If you let them begin to decay you'll have to … The Best Soil for Ferns. This plant is best suited for planting in full or partial shade, though unusually for a fern, it can cope with long hours of direct sunlight, so long as it is grown in standing water. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. The ostrich fern is able to tolerate some sun but only if its soil is kept adequately moist. Boston ferns need bright but indirect sunlight. Autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora, USDA zones 6 to 9; find your zone) is an evergreen fern with bronze-colored new growth. How to Dry Rosemary at Home - 5 Simple Methods, How To Dry Thyme - 3 Ways of Drying And Storing For Later Use, How To Dry Oregano - 4 Quick Methods With Instructions, Does Lavender Attract Bees To Your Garden, Elderberry - How to Plant, Grow, Care for Elderberries. A tall, wide variety with a unique appearance where the veins of the fronds create a feathery net-like pattern. Water the plant again once the top of the soil is starting to dry out. It’s only hardy in zones 9 to 11 for outside growth, but you’ll put it in a spot that gets indirect but bright sunlight with higher humidity levels and constant moisture to keep them growing. Different Types of Outdoor Ferns 1. Some ferns grow in sun while others prefer shade. Ferns are easy to maintain, rarely suffering from pests or diseases. If you’re looking for a very unusual fern, then this could be the one. Autumn ferns (D. erythrosora) are one of the few ferns with seasonal color variation and their fronds change from pale gold and pink in spring to green in summer and rusty copper in fall. Ferns do not produce flowers and instead are prized for their fronds, which delicately unfurl to reveal unusual and attractive plants. It needs compost-rich well-drained soil with regular watering. You don’t need to live in the tropics or a subtropical area to grow certain types of fern in your outdoor garden. Some wood ferns are evergreen, while others are deciduous. Watering less frequently can help in controlling its growth rate. Suitable for: Hanging planters; lace-like appearance creates a nice contrast with other ferns. Only water the plant moderately, and give it a regular misting to increase the moisture content of the air around the plant. In zones 9-11, Boston fern can be planted directly in the ground. In today's world threatened by Global Warming and pollution, plants are life's best friend. The blue star fern is an epiphytic fern commonly known as ‘Golden Polypody’. for 1+3, enter 4. The common name of this plant comes from its brown leaflets, which give the appearance of interrupting the green leaflets where they appear along the frond. Suitable for: Shaded gardens, borders in large gardens, outdoor container planting. This plant is a dwarf variety, growing to just one foot in height. Sunlight Requirement: Filtered sun or full shade, USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-10 (can be grown indoors in other zones), Suitable for: Large planters, hanging baskets.
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