Carrying the Dead Dream Explanation — if a person sees himself carrying a dead person in any manner other than the normal manner of carrying a bier or corpse it means he will carry a burden of haraam wealth. Another weeping occasion is while listening to anāshīd, religious a capella hymns. Paul L. Heck, ‘Sadness in classical Islam: its relation to the goals of religion’, 2015, https://www.academia.edu/16663821/Sadness_in_Classical_Islam_Its_Relation_to_the_Goals_of_Religion. Jeffrey A. Kottler, The Language of Tears (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996). He would cry much, and was very soft-hearted, emotional and sentimental’.76 A Saudi fighter in late 1990s Afghanistan named Abū al-Zubayr al-Kabīlī was known for collapsing in tears ‘whenever he heard of a calamity affecting the Muslim nation or a tragic story that had occurred in Bosnia’.77 A British-Algerian named Rahman Benouis, who was convicted on terrorism charges in the UK in 2007, explained in court that his militant career had started after someone showed him a video of atrocities against Muslims in Kashmir which had made him weep.78 We know such reports are real, because fighters have been observed doing this during trials; for example, Ishaq Ahmed, a Norwegian-Somali foreign fighter returned from Syria, wept in court in 2015 when describing an anecdote about a young girl who was raped by government soldiers, a story that he said had motivated him to go to Syria in the first place.79 Another interesting anecdote features in the martyrdom biography of the British Islamic State executioner Mohammed Emwazi—also known as ‘Jihadi John’. A closer look at Islamic history reveals many examples of mujāhidīn who have wept in connection with warfare. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, The Krio of West Africa: Islam, Culture, Creolization, and Colonialism in the Nineteenth Century, The Ottoman and Mughal Empires: Social History in the Early Modern World, About the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies, http://www.alboraq.info/showthread.php?t=114062&s=21dd0eca1270421eff4f5a477b399498, http://www.altawhed.eb2a.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1533.html, https://www.academia.edu/16663821/Sadness_in_Classical_Islam_Its_Relation_to_the_Goals_of_Religion, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7yAqZfjpOBg, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/08/erdogan-cries-television-interview.html, https://www.facebook.com/TearsOfRecitation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LHQl9lz0d_o, https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=14&v=OCGgv5AvEnk, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnMIwGg3nA4, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=REf5L_Y1IK8, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dXmokZu3ro4, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_qEdhE_uxcs, http://archive.org/details/fromcaboltobagdad, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/network/personal/attawill.html, https://archive.org/details/Jundullah-FadlAlJihad, http://www.palestineremembered.com/GeoPoints/Dayr_al_Balah_958/Article_9417.html, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Copyright © 2020 Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. The living may come to know something of the circumstances of the dead via true dreams, but that depends on the sincerity of the one who sees the dream, whether the dream is a true dream and the ability of the one who interprets these dreams. The youths started to congratulate each other because of his martyrdom and they wished to be in his place’.83. Joanna Paraszczuk, ‘Dear Musa: how to live when my friends are martyred?’, Radio Free Europe online, 20 May 2015. (Citations by book:chapter, ḥadīth no. Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), University of Oslo. Beyond the common denominator view, we can discern two quite distinct trends in the Islamic tradition with regard to weeping: one that indulges it and another that advises restraint. The clandestine nature and out-group hostility of jihadi groups limit the sources and methods available for studying intimate practices such as weeping. Less well known are the many cases of fighter-ascetics in the medieval period who were known for their weeping. Those familiar with the appreciation for religious tears in the Islamic tradition will be less surprised, but may still wonder how militants professing rigid Salafism came to embrace a practice primarily associated with Sufism and Shiʿism, their ideological archenemies. Meanwhile, less frequent weepers express envy at their more tearful comrades and make efforts to cry more. Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary, To be sweeping up suggests putting things in order. This shows that your Iman is weak and you’re doing Biddah (Biddah is the concepts that were added by people after Islam was completed). This dream for a young woman is ominous of lovers’ quarrels, which can only reach reconciliation by self-abnegation. For example, a video from Islamic State-controlled Syria around 2015 showed a Tunisian singer (munshid) chanting a lyrical hymn to a room full of men, perhaps some forty of them.70 Four or five of them break into tears at successive points during the session; meanwhile the camera scans the room and zooms in on some of the crying men. Omar Nasiri, Inside the Jihad: My Life with al-Qaeda: a Spy’s story (New York: Basic Books, 2006), 151. This dream shows that you do a good deed or a favour and you become a person that well-respected, beloved and admired. It's only when you get back home and you're alone, that’s when they come […]. At the same time, the article has only scratched the surface of the topic of weeping in militant Islamist groups. Among other things, al-Zarqāwī’s group bombed the UN headquarters in Baghdad and carried out suicide bombings against Shiʿi mosques across Iraq. ), Crying in the Middle Ages: Tears of History (London: Routledge, 2013), 102–35; Christopher Melchert, ‘Renunciation (zuhd) in the early Shiʿi tradition’ in Farhad Daftary and Gurdofarid Miskinzoda (eds. ), Religions Organization and Religions Experience (London: Academic Press, 1982), 97–114. He recalls lying sick with malaria when two senior leaders, ʿAbdallāh ʿAzzām and ʿAbd Rabb al-Rasūl Sayyāf, paid him a surprise visit: I loved this Palestinian sheikh and I could not find anything to say to express my love for him as I lay on the bed in a very bad condition. Others warn against ostentatious weeping, noting the Prophet’s hostility to wailing (‘He who shaves (his head), shouts and tears his clothing does not belong to us’). Psychologically: The pasture appears as a dream symbol almost exclusively as a weeping willow and refers so also to a mostly edged out grief. (Last accessed 30 March 2019). In late 1980s Afghanistan, al-Jihād magazine described Usāma bin Lādin’s grief over a dear friend: ‘[Abū Qutayba] was [Bin Ladin’s] right hand who loved him like the spring […] a tank rocket killed three brothers, including Abū Qutayba. Even the Afghan patients who did not understand Arabic were taken by the moment.89. By God, there was not a single time he did not weep. For one, it deepens our understanding of the mindset and worldview of militant Islamists, an ideological community whose violence and resilience have often baffled observers. Without death, new birth is not possible and that is true for our Life as well as situations. Twitter message by Kadafi Zaman (@TV2Kadafi), 22 June 2015; Author’s SMS correspondence with Kadafi Zaman, 22 June 2015. Smile Of Someone Crying In A Dream. It owes its popularity to its convenience as shorthand for more cumbersome expressions. When you sweep in the dream, it is an indication that God is setting you free from all manners of sins and the bondage of ancestral evil powers in your father’s house or mother’s house. Jihadi crying has an important social dimension in that it is usually performed in groups and can raise the in-group status of those who do it more. ‘All of the brothers, they come and they get inside your head and they start smiling at you. Meanwhile, anthropologists and humanities scholars have been concerned with weeping norms and practices across human cultures. Conversely, if others are weeping in your dreams, do not fear. In the jihadi sources, weeping is generally cast in a very positive light. ‘Mamosta Krekar Mrdeny Pexambary xwa 2’, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnMIwGg3nA4 published 3 September 2010, from ca. One source described a sermon by ʿAzzām in the 1980s: ‘his speech inflamed all those around him with enthusiasm. The scriptural basis for allowing weeping is strong; Weeping is mentioned in seven Qurʾānic verses, notably in connection with exposure to the divine message. 14:23... Christian Dream Symbols. Its a bit confusing but I will try to interpret. Individuals have no qualms about weeping alone in front of others, and there are many instances of collective weeping. It was their last wish and you didn't fulfilled it. I was overcome too. [Then] Abu Muharib began to weep loudly. The old man is also representative to paying more attention to your environment, your work, and health in the waking world. Despite the recommendations of the architect and her children to tear it down and do it again, Claudia had no money for such an expensive reform and invested all her savings in restoring it superficially. […] He put his hand on mine and said, ‘don’t worry, no need to get up’. ‘Mohamed Atta’s last will and testament’, available at https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/network/personal/attawill.html, undated (last accessed 29 March 2019). I said to myself, ‘what can I present to this sheikh to express my love and appreciation for him?’ When he came close to my bed, I grasped his hand hard to pull myself up. Be leery, as bad news lies on your horizon. Dream: Wahi (perhaps as a dream) to the mother … It revealed that crying is widespread and encouraged inside the movement. The same is true of weeping in military settings. The weeping occurs in a variety of situations ranging from prayer to combat situations to the consumption of music and videos. There are constants, however, one of which—the link between weeping and religion—is relevant to this study. (eds. Dreams are of three types: a good dream which is glad tidings from Allaah, a dream from the Shaytaan which causes distress, and a dream that comes from what a man is thinking of to himself…” Maḥmūd Saʿīd ʿAzzām, al-Duktūr al-shahīd ʿabdallāh yūsuf ʿazzām: shaykhī alladhī ʿaraftu [The Martyred Doctor ʿAbdallāh Yūsuf ʿAzzām: The Shaykh That I Knew] (Muʾassasat Ibdāʾ li’l-Abḥath wa-l-Dirāsāt wa-l-Tadrīb, 2012), 200. ‘min khafāyā al-amīr [Some secrets of the emir]’, http://www.altawhed.eb2a.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-1533.html, posted 16 February 2013 (last accessed 21 April 2015). For example, in 2014, the Egyptian jihadi preacher Abu Hamza al-Masri wept in a US court after speaking about his love for Usāma bin Lādin, who had been killed three years earlier.87. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 1:407; Sunan Ibn Mājah, 4:25, 2945; Nawawī, Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn, 2, 711; Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, 23:62, 63; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 11:135. The English translations and references are from the ḥadīth repository, www.sunnah.com. See, for example, ‘Erdogan shows his softer side’, Al-Monitor, 23 August 2013, http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/08/erdogan-cries-television-interview.html. Take this dream as a sign and be careful in the upcoming period of your life. Cooking porridge in big pot in dream according to islam. 17:107–9), and ‘When the signs of the All-merciful were recited to them, they fell down prostrate, weeping’ (19:58), and ‘when they hear what has been sent down to the Messenger, thou seest their eyes overflow with tears because of the truth they recognize’ (5:83).22, There are also hundreds of ḥadīth featuring crying.23 In several, the Prophet recommends weeping, especially for fear of God (‘No man who weeps for fear of Allah will be touched by the Fire until the milk goes back into the udders’), for fear of hellfire (‘If you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much’), upon remembering God (‘seven will be granted the shade of Allah, [including] a man whose eyes fill up with tears when he remembers Allah in private’), over one’s sins (‘weep over your sins’), when reading the Qurʾān (‘when you recite it, then weep. Another possibility is that the attachment-inducing effect of weeping has helped jihadi groups build morale and cohesion. ), Uncovered Fields: Perspectives in First World War Studies (Leiden: Brill, 2004), 211–26; Vanda Wilcox, ‘“Weeping tears of blood”: exploring Italian soldiers’ emotions in the First World War’, Modern Italy, 17/2 (2012): 171–84. I begged him and he told me ‘obeying the leader is obligatory’. Standing amidst these mujahidin, I could feel the spirit of God fill me completely. Catherine E. Ross and John Mirowsky, ‘Men who cry’, Social Psychology Quarterly, 47/2 (1984): 138–46; Claes Ekenstam, ‘En historia om manlig gråt [A history of male weeping]’ in Claes Ekenstam et al. J. H. Sanders; London: Luzac, 1936), 317; John W. Kiser, Commander of the Faithful: The Life and Times of Emir Abd el-Kader (1808–1883) (Rhinebeck, NY: Monkfish Book Publishing, 2008), 286; Annemarie Schimmel, Mystical Dimensions of Islam (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1975), 327; John Ralph Willis, In the Path of Allah: The Passion of al-Hajj ʿUmar. The brother in charge of his audio statements had to do retakes all the time’.5 As we shall see in this article, al-Zarqāwī was not unique in this regard, nor did his comrades mean to disparage him by this depiction. (European ones). 3rd. Dream: Dream to Egyptian King of seven fat cows etc. In academic use, ‘jihadi’ is merely a descriptor with no normative value for Islamic debates on the nature of jihad. Nowhere in the sources—as far as this author can tell—are there prominent criticisms or reservations about devotional weeping (non-devotional weeping is another matter, as we shall see below). Twitter message from Bokostan (@BokoWatch), 8 January 2019. An Essay into the Nature of Charisma in Islam (London: Frank Cass, 1989), 128. Islamic weeping norms are highly gendered, with women being expected to weep more than men, especially in non-devotional settings.31 Still, throughout Islamic history we can read about Muslim men engaging in religious weeping, typically in connection with prayer and Qurʾān recitation, but also in other settings. In psychological terms it suggests an attention to detail and correctness, as much as to cleanliness. ‘Jundullah – Fadl al-Jihad’, https://archive.org/details/Jundullah-FadlAlJihad, uploaded 12 June 2013 (last accessed 5 October 2019). ‘Profile: Anthony Garcia’, BBC News (online), 30 April 2007. Michael Bonner, ‘Some observations concerning the early development of jihad on the Arab-Byzantine frontier’, Studia Islamica, 75 (1992): 5–31, at 27.
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